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Midterm Study Guide

Making of the Modern World
Course Code
MMW 11
Page Dubois
Study Guide

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bi-pedalism- is a form of walking with two legs or rear limbs
hominid- includes the upright humans, austrolopictecus, homo erectus, homo sapiens , apes walk on two feet, homo
Paleolithic- the era where the most primitive stone tools were used. The Australopithecus were in this period of time.
Went to 10,000 bce. In this period of time, humans foraged for food, hunter gatherers
Neolithic-rise of farming/agriculture near the end of the stone age, Jericho earliest village
homo erectus- larger brain and fashioned more sophisticated tools, started and tended fires, communicated complex
hunter-gatherers-during paleolithic, no social distinctions, men hunted for food, women gathered food and tended food,
women tended plants and nurtured them,
homo sapiens sapiens- humans walking today, the only surviving hominid; species to which modern man belongs;
bipedal primate having language and ability to make and use complex tools; brain volume at least 1400 cc
Neanderthals-earliest evidence of reflective thought comes from them, now extinct, were not upright, belong to the
genus homo, came after erectus and habilis
Lucy- first Australopithecus, 3.4 million years ago, provided evidence for similarity between humans and apes. Brain
similar to apes and bipedalism similar to humans
artificial selection-Human intervention in animal or plant reproduction to ensure that certain desirable traits are
represented in successive generations.
Hammurabi-He dominated Mesopotamia till 1600BC, he relied on a centralized bureaucratic rule and regular taxation,
made an efficient and predictable government with taxes, came up with the hammurabi’s law which is the most
extensive and complete meso. Law code. It relied on lex talionis which is the law of retaliation whereby offenders
suffered punishments resembling their violations, strict on women,
Akhenaten- (pharaoh) considered aten the only god, he built capital Akhenaten, aten was the sun god and only god
Ma’at- was the ancient Egyptian concept of truth, balance, order, law, morality, and justice. Ma’at was personified as a
goddess who regulated the stars and seasons and the actions of both morals and deities
Ur- city built by sumerians along the rivers of tigris and Euphrates, this city contains the ziggurat of ur, considered to be
the birthplace of Abraham, he was the Hebrew patriarch, In Jewish and Christian tradition, Abraham is the father of the
Israelites through his son Isaac. In Islamic tradition, Abraham is considered a prophet of Islam, an ancestor of Muhammad
Pharaoh-had more than one wife, the rulers of all ancient Egyptian dynasties, owned all land and commanded all wealth
Prophets-is an individual who is claimed to have been contacted by the supernatural or the divine and to speak for
them, serving as an intermediary with humanity, story of the people, remind people of the past, Muhammed and
Diaspora-is the migration of people away from an established or ancestral homeland
Ba’al-israelites worshipped baal the god of canaanites, mentioned in the Hebrew bible,
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