[MMW 12] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (111 pages long!)

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UCSD
MMW 12
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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MMW 12 Lecture 1 Intro to the Course: The World From 100 BC
Rome/Europe
100 BC Republic -> empire between 100 BC and 200 AD
o Caesar and Augustus
300 AD Constantine converts to Christianity, encourages its acceptance within Rome
850 -1,200 Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire
o Attempt to restore glory of Rome
o Relied on personal connections
o Relied on loyalty to central bureaucracy
o Crusades 1,000
Restore Christianity against common enemy
Islam
Middle East
Jesus and the birth of Christianity
o Marginalized sect within Judaism
Islam 600 AD
o Becomes a political system as well
650-750 Ummayads
750-1,200 AD Abassids
Using Islam as a unifying influence
Shi’a Islam division
900 Safaaids, Fatamids, Cordoba
o Fracturing of Islamic empire
‘True’ successors of Muhammad
Persia/Central Asia
200 BC-300 AD Kushan Empire
o Hellenistic world
o In-between Rome and China
Benefits from trade between two empires
Zoroastrianism 500 BCE
Sassanid Empire had Zoroastrianism as state religion
o 200 AD-600 AD
India
300-600 AD Gupta Empire
o Resurgence of Hinduism
China
100 BCE-200 AD Han Dynasty
Silk road
Dynastic cycle
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3 Kingdoms Period full of separation and fighting, disillusionment, Buddhism, Daoist
escapism
600-900 AD Tang Dynasty
o Silk Road
o Buddhism
Zen Buddhism
Islam 600 AD
Near end of Tang, xenophobic backlash
o Christianity and Zoroastrianism
Song 900-1,000
o Civil government more important than military government
More susceptible to military invasion
Confucianism spreads 200 AD
Korea
Silla 600-900
Japan
700-800 Nara
800-900 Huian
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