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Study Guide

PSYC 1- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 35 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1
Professor
Sara Yerushalmian
Study Guide
Final

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UCSD
PSYC 1
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Chapter 1:
Why do you think psychology courses like this one are often requirements of so many
different programs of study?
Why do you think many people might be skeptical about psychology being a science?
Still new young rough, based on philosophy and physiology so half science, scientific study,
many unknown, never prove anything
How did the object of study in psychology change over the history of the field since the
19th century?
3 Kinds of Psychologists:
Clinical psychologist counseling NOT a psychiatrist
Applied psychologist- school, industry, human factors
Research psychologist
Psychology: study of behavior and mind
Behavior- only the observed experiences
Middle ground between physiology and philosophy
Psychology vs psychiatry
Empiricism: knowledge comes directly from experience (aristotle blank tablet)
Nativism: knowledge and ideas are innate, born with
Reflex- ideas by Descartes (automatic involuntary reaction of the body of events in the
environment
Modern psychology: the mind is the brain, mind-body is now one and the same
Gestalt psychology: humans born with a fixed way of viewing things
The First schools: Psychology as a Science
Structuralism wundt break it down,
Functionalism north america psychologists used this approach, darwin focused on the
why how adapt
Behaviorism study of observable behavior
Psychoanalysis: insight therapy, patient sit on couch, focused on the unconscious
determinants of behavior
Freudian view = early psychoanalysis = had dark view of human nature, stated
human action motivated by sex and aggression
Lead to Humanistic psychology/response=optimistic message of personality
development, client centered therapy, support and friend,
All individuals have untapped potential that should be nurtured by an
empathetic therapist
Went from focus on the psych- introspection to observing behavior
Factors in Eclectic approach to explain behavior
Cognitive
Cognitive revolution aka going back to study of internal psychological processes
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Because we knew more about the brain and was able to do brain waves
with advancement in tech
memory, learning reasoning
Biological Factors
Evolutionary Psychology- movement proposing we are born with mental process and
software that were acquired to natural selection (darwin) in our past to help us solve
specific adaptive problem
Cultural Factors- influence of culture on cognitive and social development, psychologists
figured out it was important to consider culture later on
The Computer, advances in biology and technology which allowed for brain cells activity to be
studied
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