[PSYC 105] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 17 pages long Study Guide!

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6 Feb 2017
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PSYC 105
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Lecture 2
-Computer lead to ideas for cognitive interest
-how good are we at deciding what we want to pay attention to and what we don’t want to pay
attention to
-cherry
-repeat(shadow) only one ear
-people were pretty good at this
-broadbent (1958)
-early attention model
-how is our mind deciding this is what I should pay attention to
-only what we decide to attend to goes to filter and so on
-models in cog
-cant see the attention process so what is our best guess based on the data
-never one hundred percent true, just best guess at this point
-timeline of cog psyc and behaviorism
-not using introspection but not like behaviorism
-develop experiments and then make a good guess
-good models will lead to more experiments
-cog science- addresses same things but more inter disciplinary
-working memory- temp memory storage
-similar to short-term mem. but separate system which only holds info for about 15-20
-span test-working memory capacity
-ch 5 will be working mem.
-example of model thing
-they said those two pieces handled
-is accurate
-make sound based mistake more often then (explained by model)
-can explain behavioral findings
-cognitive neuroscience
-always helpful because mind is the brain
-anarthria- comes from loss of muscle movements
-still show show based confusions- not about physically creating the sounds but
in our mind
-other areas do overlap
-specialized populations
-if someone is deaf- do they show the same pattern of mistakes
-do make mistakes- use similar hand shapes instead of similar sounds
-like the mind replaces that so that “inner-hand”
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-all means that
-we want to talk about things with multiple lines of evidence and not just one piece of
data
-a good model will bring in lots of different disciplines
Research Methods
Experimentation
-cause and effect
-not correlation is not causation
-manipulate factors and control other factors
-independent variable and dependent variable
-randomly assign control and experimental group
-experimental group
-control group
-between-subject variable -
-within-subjects variable- differences between one person on dif situations
-placebo effect
-placebo
-double-blind
easy to be biased
-summary
-correlations uncover naturally occurring relationshops
-experiments manipulate factors and determine causality
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