[PSYC 172] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 83 pages long Study Guide!

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6 Feb 2017
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PSYC 172
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Lecture 1 1/6/2015 1:08:00 AM
Sexuality: pathways to understanding
History of sexual psychology
Aristotle
o Sex research has developed from converging strands
o Asexual- reproduction without the sharing of gametes (usually all
single celled organism)
o Sexual- need to swap gametes (need a second person)
Renaissance era
o Thought mens bodies were perfect
They thought penises were fishing around our bodies- that
didn’t drop
Hysteria- greek word for uterus
Church
o St Augustine
15th century- he felt every single sexual thing was bad
because we feel pleasure from it
o someone else
procreative sex is ok- but anything else is a sin-
masturbation, oral sex, homosexuality
o someone else
18th century- morality is based on the greatest happiness to
the greatest number- if it makes more people happy than
unhappy it should be ok
homosexuality- would be moral- because makes
people happy
o mary Wollstonecraft
woman deserve sexual beings as well
o feminism
marget sanger
one of the first feminists
only condoms- no choice of whether they were gonna
have a baby or not
said not fair they should have a contraceptive
a word of feminism
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socially constructed- everything but biologically- is
different-
probably not true
others say we are different- doesn’t mean that one is
better than the other just means we are different
o Sigmund freud
Freud said there was penis envy- women who didn’t pass it
couldn’t have a vaginal orgasm
Clitoral and vaginal orgasm is not actually different
A lot of these fucked up that resear
o Alfred Kinsey-
No one knows anything about sexuality
Came out with books- sexual behavior of the human male
People knew almost nothing about sexuality
Came out with sexual behavior of human females- said that
they were sexual creatures as well
He debunked the clitoral bs vaginal orgasm, they have
same sex
1949
prisoners- asked own RA to have sex with people in
the lab and other
Ripped to shreds- lost job
Not ethical ways
Movie- kinsey
o William masters and Virginia Johnson-1970
Showtime show- 1st research
Looked at sexual arousal- what does it look like
Plateu and other stages
Cultural and Biological
Everything is going to have both culture and biology
Margaret mead
o Looked at simoan societies- found that women had a lot of lover-
point of pride to share stories with men- like men today
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