[ARTH198] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 73 pages long Study Guide!

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ARTH198
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Vitruvius
Procopius
Pont Du Gard:
Aqueduct
True Arches:
no sticking out pieces b
held in place by compression forces
Made in circular form
Sideways and horizontal thrust, abutment keeps it together, cancel out forces
Round arch
Other arches act as abutments
As wide as it is high
Carry tons of gallons of water
Series of arches is called an arcade
Markets of Trajan:
Vaults- extended arch
Groin vault- two round arches crossing diagonally
Barrel vault- extended vaults
Concrete- poured as liquid so it can take the form of different shapes, whatever space it
is poured into, also used concrete for roads
Commissioned by the emperor (trajan)
Covered market- interior spaces
Basilica of Maxentius:
Series of barrel vaults
End wall is not doing any structural work, forces have been cancelled out
Lots of light
Within barrel vaults there are coffers that make the force lighter, alleviates weight of
vaults
Side aisles- procession
Used for ceremonies and celebrations (public functions), not religious
Large statues of Constantine, secular
Picked up by Christianity, new religion vs. old religion
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Thermae (Baths) of Diocletian:
Public space
Spend a lot of the day there
Series of different pools
Exercise
Libraries
Relax and socialize
Arcade
Hypocaust- system for heating up water underneath the ground floors, stacks of pillars
which would pump hot air
Peristyle/colonnade- a lot of columns
Palastra- playing field, open field
Large grand interior spaces commissioned by emperor
Temple of Portunus:
Plinth- platform running along bottom
Reinterpreting Greek form
Portico- the porch in front
Maison Carree:
Best preserved roman temple facades
Survived in near perfect condition
Adopting and adapting Greek form
Cella
Colosseum:
Very large theater
Spectacle
Gladiator
Showing different stories- tuscan (Roman), ionic (Greek), corinthian (Roman) orders
Showing how it would’ve been covered with a canvas
Not structurally necessary to have the different types of stories- artistic expression
Roman’s developed the bottom layer, Tuscan, simple, less decorative
Hierarchy, playing with Greek systems, making it their own
Concrete, exterior is faced with bricks
Gladiators, animals, ancient elevators in the bottom of the stage, usually covered
Largest amphitheater in the world
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