[ECON102] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (14 pages long!)

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7 Feb 2017
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ECON102
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Civics Lecture
Power v. Authority
Authority is conditional when someone who has legitimate authority but misuse it.
Purposes v. Powers of Government
Elected officials are supposed to represent the interests of the people who elected them
Theories Of Representation:
Instructed Delegate Theory
Does what the majority instructs him or her to do.
Trustee Theory
Is entrusted to do what he or she believes is in the people’s best interest.
Representatives wear 2 hats:
Instructed Delegate- follows constituents’ instructions
Trustee- follows own judgement
Politico: representative switches between Instructed Delegate and Trustee
What are the “ties that bind us”?
Principles underlying the American Political System
1. Individual liberty → a person should have the right and power to act, believe, and
express as he or she chooses
2. Freedom of religion → people should have the right to practice any religion or none
3. Representative democracy → voter turnout, popular vote, etc.
4. Equal opportunity → each person should have the same political, legal, social, and
economic chances as any other person
5. Minority rights → protection from majority
6. Equal protection under the law → people should be treated as equals before the law
without favoritism toward any person or group
7. Popular sovereignty → people are source of government and its power
8. Limited government → government only has as much power as the people give it
9. Majority rule → what greatest number of people want
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10. Rule of law → the government is not above the law; leaders and government must also
follow the law
11. Federalism → power and authority shared between central and local governments
12. Shared power → power should be divided up to reduce chance of it being abused;
allows for broad and effective participation
13. Individual rights → each person should be protected from abuses of power by rights that
cannot be taken away except in extreme cases
14. Separation of church and state → religion and government kept separate
15. Separation of powers → powers to make (legislate), carry out (execute), and interpret
(adjudicate) laws is carried out through different institutions/branches
16. Checks and balances → powers given to the different branches of government so one
doesn’t dominate another
17. Civilian control of military → president is commander in chief; military is not in control
and is not a dominant force and is subservient to civilian control
Voting
Participating in civic affairs
Limiting powers of government
Defining individual liberties in written constitutions and laws
Affording fellow citizens the opportunity to redress their grievances in courts of law
Exercising our rights
Fulfilling our responsibilities
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