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HIST206 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Serfdom, Indian Removal Act, Melting Pot

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Midterm Review
Tuesday, March 21, 2017
3:25 PM
Who, What, Where, When, Historical Significance? --> Part 1: Identifications (6 identifications; pick 5)
Look at list of terms
Essay --> Part II (3 essay choices; pick 1)
Look at notes
Identifications Review:
Angel Island:
o Description: process could take several month and a way to help ease this process was
Paper sons (Chinese business men sponsoring young Chinese men coming to U.S. by
claiming they were their biological sons)
o Direct effect of Chinese Exclusion Act
o So what? Historical Significance --> Racial relations in the United States (example of how the
United States is starting to prohibit immigration based off of race or place of origin)
Dawes Act:
o The federal government passed this act to break up Native American reservations into single
family plots. Each native American was given a certain number of acres to farm. Happened
in 1887
o Historical Significance -->
another example of the way the federal government interfered with the Native
Americans life in the trans Mississippi west; profiting from redistributing land in the
homestead act?
Indians start to protest; they try to fight back in terms of reclaiming cultural traditions
(through the ghost dance movement)
Racial - attempt by federal government to assimilate native Americans into
mainstream white culture (if natives became farmers they would adopt other cultural
norms of the dominant American white culture; boarding schools)
Wizard of Oz
o Political Allegory - a made up story using contemporary elements of American society; each
one of the characters represents a group during the populist movement
o Author Frank Baum? 1900
o 3 Characters and what they signify in the populist movement
Tin man - industrial worker
Wizard of Oz - McKinley
Scarecrow - the farmer
o Historical Significance
Populist movement and what they were trying to achieve in terms of agricultural
reform in their movement
The Frontier Thesis
o Fredrick Jackson Turner (historian from Wisconsin)
o Research focused on Westward Expansion
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Argued that the idea of conquering the West was crucial to American identity
o 1893 (closing of the American frontier in 1890) - Concerns Turner because if there are no
more chances for adventure and fighting on the frontier how will people achieve this
experience now?
o Historical Impact:
Discussing that today historians have contradicted the idea of the Turner thesis
because we know that the Frontier was not this vacant unconquered land throughout
the late 19th century (turner was ignoring the people who lived on the land prior to
white settlement)
The idea that the frontier thesis (this mythical version of the west as an adventure)
permeates American culture and continues in a way that Americans would represent
the West in movies, literature, art - John Wayne (western movies are very much
influenced by Turners ideas)
The Gospel of Wealth
o Andrew Carnegie (entrepreneur, leading industrialist, leader of the steel industry, elites, one
of the haves) , 1900?
o Goeret should’t get ioled i regulatig eooy; Those ho are ealthy hae a
obligation to then give back through philanthropy (he practiced what he preached started
libraries, concert halls, public buildings) Rags to riches stories; ideas of social Darwinism
soe ill sueed ad others ill fail, it’s a atural proess
o Historical Significance
One of these arguments during late 19th century for unregulated and unrestricted
economic growth in the United States; its ok that there is a growing gap between the
rich and poor (it is a natural consequence of everyday life)
Scientific Management, Taylorism
o Technocratic progressives, Fredrick Winslow Taylor - pioneer of technocratic progressives
(improving efficiency in factory setting was the way to solve social ills that America faced in
late 19th century); tried to figure out ways to save time and materials in the factory
Such as the assembly line
o Progressive Era (1880s- 1890s)
o Historical Significance
The workers protest (this is not what we want; this is not helping us - speed ups in the
work place make things worse for workers better for owners)
Used to implement change in the workplace
General Weyler
o General for Spain - Spanish/American War
Growing Guerilla warfare movement of Cuban Nationalists
Sent to Cuba to stop revolution; brutal tactics used in Cuba --> burned villages, killed
people they thought were helping, put Cubans in detention centers (faced starvation,
disease, etc.)
o Known as "The Butcher"
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