HIST318 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Thirteen Colonies, Christianity, Ottoman Empire

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12 Oct 2018
Department
Course
Professor
HIST318
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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HIst318 Colonial America Lecture 1
1453
o Constantinople
The capital city of the roman/byzantine empire
Largest and wealthiest city in Europe, had massive and complex defences
Fell to the Ottoman Turks
Signified the end of Christian eastern expansion
o Time to look west, towards the Atlantic Ocean
1492
o Columbus arrived at the Americas
o The Spanish Great Conquest
Iberia talking about Spain and Portugal
Great religious deal to the above countries
Christian and Muslims fought and allied among themselves
o Protenant reformation key understand colonization
Schism in western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther
o Martian Luther (1483)
Pursue a career in the church (Roman Catholic)
Wanted to become a mock, but pursed is studies in the church and question
what was taught and debate church values and actions
Concerned with church corruption
Indulgences
Slips of paper
You would get time off/ reduced when entering purgatory
Question this idea Buying one’s ay into heaen
Christians would only have found salvation by dedicating themselves to
the Christian scripture
Oct, 31st 1517
Posted a paper on a church in what is known Germany, made 95
points/debates/thesis
Hope that church leaders would talk with him and reform the church to
the teachings
1520
o The church believed Luther was going too far with his demands and was
excommunication by the church.
1521:
o The German holy empire called a summit called the diet of worm
o Diet of Worms 1521 was an imperial diet of the Holy Roman Empire held at the Heylshof
Garden in Worms, then an Imperial Free City of the Empire. An imperial diet was a formal
deliberative assembly of the whole Empire.
o Luther must recant his writing and speeh’s unless we wanted to be named a heretic
(Burned at the stake). HE refused
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Fredrick of Saxony
o Gave Luther safety to spread his beliefs/teachings (Protestant Reformation)
o His beliefs spread like wildlife
John Calvin (1509)
o Study law the theology, followed luthers teachings
o Add his own perspective
o Two
Predestination
Church Government
Hierarchy (Upside Down?)
Elders
Presbuteros
Individuals had the right to elect their individuals
o 1534
Institutes of Christian Religion
o King Henry the 8th
Roman catholic (Written under his name saying why it was important)
Married Catherine of Aragon
One son that died young
Asked for a aulet eause he did’t have a heir
Pop Refused
Henry made parliament create the act of supremacy
o Separating the Churches
o The monarch is the leader
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