WOMS240 Final: Final Study Guide

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Delaware
Women's Studies
Marie Laberge

WOMS240 Final Exam Study Guide Intimate Partner Violence/Domestic Violence • What is the cycle of violence? o The cycle of violence includes three distinct phases of abuse ▪ Tension building phase ▪ Acute battery/explosion phase ▪ Honeymoon and calm/loving phase o Abusive relationships tend to run in these cycles and once the cycle starts it is often difficult to remove oneself from it • What are some barriers to leaving? o Fear o Isolation o Guilt/Shame o Peer/Family Collusion o Financial Dependence o Individual Beliefs (i.e., religion) o Coping Strategies (i.e., drug addiction) o Hope that it will work o Emotional/Physical Impairment o Lack of Community Services o Cultural Hurdles ▪ For victims of color and non-English speakers and other minorities • Myths about domestic violence (DV) o Only poor, uneducated women are victims of DV o Victims provoke/deserve the violence they experience o Victims of DV move from one abusive relationship to another o Victims of DV suffer from low self-esteem and psychological disorders o Victims are weak and do not always want help o Only straight women are victims of IPV o IPV only happens in heterosexual relationships because the power imbalance between men and women is not present in LGBTQ relationships o The person committing violence is always the bigger, stronger, and more “butch”, while victims are always smaller, weaker, and more traditionally feminine • What are the similarities and differences between heterosexual and homosexual partner abuse? o Very little is known about IPV in homosexual relationships, but it is assumed that it occurs at about the same rate as in heterosexual relationships o The types of violence are similar: ▪ Physical ▪ Sexual ▪ Economic Control ▪ Psychological ▪ Emotional Abuse o Same-sex victims are equally as unlikely as heterosexually victims to report incidents of IPV o An abuser in a homosexual relationship may use internalized homophobia to exploit partner’s fear of stereotypes to prevent them from leaving/reporting ▪ May also threaten to out their partner to their friends and family as another way to control them o There is a much larger shortage of services for LGBTQ victims of IPV o There is also a larger fear among the LGBTQ community to report anything to the police for fear of not being believed as well as fear of being abused • What factors impact police responses? o Call screening leads to slower response time than for other crimes ▪ The situation could put a police officer at risk, so they will put off responding to the call o Financial Hardship ▪ If the police believe arresting the abuser will make it financially difficult for the household to operate, they are often reluctant o Perceived as a futile act ▪ Since prosecution in these types of cases is rare, why bother arresting them? o Type of crime being committed and limits on arrests ▪ Two classifications: • Felony: most serious type of crime and usually leads to imprisonment in state prisons • Misdemeanor: less serious type of crime, usually punished by incarceration in local jails o Misdemeanor arrests often require a witness to the crime ▪ Without serious injury, many states define battery (the basis for most IPV cases) as a misdemeanor o Victim’s preference not to file charges • How do victims respond when their partner is a cop? o Victims often do not call the police due to fear that it will be handled by officers who will side with the abuser and will not even bother to investigate • Castle Rock Court Case (1999) o Addressed the city’s liability of failure to enforce a restraining order o There was a restraining order against Mr. Gonzalez, keeping him away from his wife and three kids o He kidnapped the kids and his wife called the police – they did not do anything ▪ The kids turned up dead three days later ▪ Mrs. Gonzalez sued Castle Rock o The ruling said that enforcement of the restraining order was not mandatory under Colorado law Child Abuse • Theoretical Models of Child Abuse o Psychopathological Model ▪ The abuser’s personality predisposes the abuser to abusing the child ▪ Three approaches within this model: • Psychodynamic model • Mental illness model • Character trait model o Interactional Model ▪ Views abuse as the result o
More Less

Related notes for WOMS240

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.