[ANT 3520] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 27 pages long Study Guide!

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ANT 3520
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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ANT3520 Lecture 1 9 January 2017
Anthropology is the study of the human condition. It is the most holistic of the social sciences,
incorporating every aspect of humanity, both cultural and physical, to better our understanding of
what it means to be a human being.
The field is divided into 4 subfields: Sociocultural, Linguistics, Archeology, and Biological
Anthropology.
How do you define culture?
Music
Learned behavior
o Humans learn by speaking (language innate adaptation; abstract)
o Observations
Forensic Anthropology is the application of knowledge of human variation, skeletal biology,
biomechanics and other sub-disciplines of biological anthropology to matters of medicolegal
importance.
Forensic Anthropologists apply the theories, methods, and techniques of biological anthropology
to matters of medico-legal significance.
*No matter your major, you can be a forensics expert*
*Pathology in the middle of everything*
Forensic Anthropologists consult on Medical Examiner’s cases in which the remains have
become skeletonized, decomposed, burned, fragmented, or are otherwise unidentifiable.
In anthropology, you focus on bones and/or what is left over of a once-living being. In medicine,
doctors, nurses, and physicians are working with living people. This is the reason why
anthropologists can distinguish a male from a female body just based on a skeleton while
medical professionals typically cannot.
How do Forensic Anthropologists Help in the Investigation of Death?
Help in establishing forensic context
Help in establishing time since death
Assist with recovery of the remains
Determine the biological profile
Assist with identification of the decedent
Assist with interpretation of traumatic injury
Assist with determining the cause & manner of death
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Cause of Death
The proximate cause of death
E.g., gunshot wound to the head
Cerebral hemorrhage causing brainstem herniation
Manner of Death
How the death came about
Legal determination based on evidence
o Natural
o Accident
o Homicide
o Suicide
o Undetermined
Reasons for a Forensic Autopsy
1. Cause and manner of death
2. Time of death
3. Identify, collect, and preserve evidence
4. Factual information to law enforcement, prosecutors, defense attorneys, families
5. Protect the innocent/prosecution of the guilty
Can you request an autopsy?
Confirm whether the diagnosis was correct
Nature of illness (how bad was it?)
Reveal genetic defects
Reveal hereditary or familial diseases
Suspicious of malpractice?
*If you are young and healthy and just die, that is a medical examiner’s case because you should
be alive*
Medicolegal Death Investigation
1. Crime Scene Investigator
a. Goes to find evidence
2. Medicolegal Death Investigator
a. Works for the Medical Examiner
b. Goes out with the cops to find out if it is a ME’s case or not (claim jurisdiction)
c. Civilians, PA’s, nurses, etc.
3. Homicide Investigator
a. Cop, detective, etc.
b. Assigned this case and stay with it
c. Interrogate people, shoot people, hunt them down, etc.
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