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[CLA 3160] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (24 pages long!)


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA 3160
Professor
Wagman Robert
Study Guide
Final

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UF
CLA 3160
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Ancient Egypt:
Lecture # 1:
Module 1: Sources and Methods Unit 1: Introduction
- Herodotus: Greek historian from 5th BCE.
Greece was very interested in Egypt.
(Greek and Roman graffiti at Philae)
- Alexander “The Great” conquered Egypt in BCE which forced the Egyptians to
learn the Greek language and be highly influenced by the Greek culture.
- During this time mummy powder was very famous and on demand because of its
supposedly magical powers that cured several illnesses.
Jean Francis Champollion discovered the famous “Rosetta Stone” and was the
first person to be able to decipher hieroglyphs.
Rosetta stone was found during Napoleon’s invasion to Egypt.
In this expedition, Napoleon didn’t just take soldiers but scholars as well.
They published a book called “Description d’ Egipt”
Another explorer was Geovanni Belzoni, who is famous for discovering several
archeological sites even though his methods were a little too aggressive, often
even using dynamite to clear the path into the tombs.
G. Belzoni was also able to transport huge statues to England which
brought Egypt closer to the Western World.
William Flinders Petrie- Father of archeology (Father of Pots)
Auguste Mariette (18211881): The first Egyptologist to use a more scientific
approach during excavations.
Literary Sources:
Egyptian documents:
ѩ Manetho - (Egyptian priest who lived between the 3 and 4 centuries.
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ѩ King Lists - (Inscriptions in the king tombs that contained all the names
from the person’s bloodline and a little summary of what happened under
each one’s reign.)
ѩ Turing Canon
ѩ Palermo Stone
- King Lists:
ѩ Inscriptions on temple walls
ѩ Used to worship the royal ancestors
ѩ They listed the names of Egyptians rulers from the unification of Egypt
(kingdom of Menes, 3100 BCE) to contemporary times.
Ex. The wall inscription from the temple of the king Seti I at Abydos. It lists 76 kings
from Menes to Seti himself.
- Palermo Stones:
ѩ Fragmentary inscription of diorite.
ѩ Preserved in Palermo, Italy (Where the name comes from)
ѩ There are some fragments in Cairo and London
ѩ Contains a continuous year by year record.
The information is organized into 3 horizontal bands vertically divided by the regnal year
sign:
a) King’ name
b) Summary of Events
c) Nile Level
(Small lines are numbers that measure the level of the water of the Nile river very
accurately)
Turin Canon:
Papyrus roll in fragmentary condition.
Preserved in Turin, Italy
Contains information on 80-90 kings down to the reigns of Ramses Ii
Literary Sources:
Graeco-Roman Documents:
Examples of King lists
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