[CLT 3370] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (14 pages long)

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CLT 3370
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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What is a Myth?
ῦθος ythos = «story», «speeh»
Characters
Plot
Setting
o Time
o Place
myth is orally transmitted: we have written texts about mythological stories, but myths predate them
myth is a traditional story, handed over from a storyteller to another over the centuries
myth has collective importance:
It explains values and concerns of a society
It serves as a model for members of a group
It trasits oe geeratio’s eories to aother
myth is anonymous and subjected to change during oral transmission
Characters:
Gods
Heroes
Monsters
Humans
Plot:
Wars
Adventures
Foundation and destruction of cities
Love, arriages, etrayals…
Setting:
Time: in a remote past or outside human chronology
place: a location familiar to the audience, in the real world; an inaccessible place or a fictional world
Types and Function of Myth
Divine myths:
o To explain:
o the origins of the universe
o the origins of human beings and beasts
o natural phenomena
o why the world is the way it is
o Main characters: gods and supernatural beings
Legends:
o To narrate:
o events of the human past
o the story of cities and nations
o the rise of traditions and rituals
o technological and scientific progress
o Main characters: heroes and extraordinary mortals
Two Options
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ῦθος mythos)
«story», «speech»
NO author
NO sources
NO claims of authenticity or plausibility
Etiology fro Gr. αἴτιο, ause
όγος logos)
«word», «speech», «account»
The teller of a logos takes responsibility for the truth of what he says
Sources, documents, rational arguments
Mythology (mythos + logos)
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