When i"m not alone film: born female but raised as a male for the first twenty-eight years of his life, sam durbin experienced unspeakable abuse, never learned to read and write, and drifted in and out of institutions. Disability: a life course approach reading: (separate word document) This model looks external to the individual: the environment is inaccessible (buildings, services/ communication, language, attitudes are inhibiting (prejudice, stereotyping, discrimination, organizations are inflexible (procedures, policies, practices, this model was developed in response to the medical model. This model draws on certain cultural beliefs: disability might be punishment for past sins" or evil spirits", disability might be interpreted as necessary affliction before some future spiritual reward, exorcism, sacrifice, persecution and even death can result. This model focuses on financial impact: used by policy makers to assess distribution of support, disability is defined by a person"s inability to work. Stigma: a mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person.