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Rock ‘N’ Roll Exam II.docx

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MMC 1702
David Carlson

Rock ‘N’ Roll Exam II Bo Diddley  “The Originator”  Chess recording artist  Bo Diddley Beat  Combination of rock ‘n’ roll and African rhythm (Jumba Beat)  Guns ‘N’ Roses, White Stripes, The Animals, David Bowie, The Stooges, The Who, The Police, George Michael, Bow Wow Wow  Known for his technical innovations using his trademark rectangular-shaped guitar  Elias Bates wrote all of his own songs  Bo Diddley Community Plaza in Gainesville (2009) Little Richard  “Architect of Rock ‘N’ Roll”  “Elvis may be the King of Rock ‘N’ Roll, but I am the Queen”  Set the standard for rock ‘n’ roll wild men  Bumps Blackwell*  Collaborator with different stars, including Little Richard  “Tutti Frutti”  “Keep a-Knockin”  Inspired “Rock ‘N’ Roll” by Led Zepellin  Little Richard’s lasting influence can be heard in The Beatles, Otis Redding, Jimi Hendrix, and Bob Dylan among others  At the peak of his fame, Little Richard quit rock ‘n’ roll and became a minister Sun After Elvis (Class of 1955) Carl Perkins  First superstar at Sun Records  “Blue Suede Shoes”  #1 Country, #2 Pop, #3 R&B, UK Top 10  Covered by Elvis  Sang Rockabilly his entire career  Rockabilly revival of the 1980s brought back Perkins Johnny Cash  Tried to sign for Sun but failed at his audition, being signed after “sinning”  Walk The Line  Movie about Cash’s life  “I Walk The Line”  Embodiment of flawed and contradictory America (Religious man, sang about sinning)  Johnny & June  At Folsom Prison  Live album performed in a prison (#1 Country)  The Highwaymen  Johnny Cash, Waylon Jennings, Willie Nelson, Kris Kristofferson Jerry Lee Lewis  “The Killer”  Crazy Antics  Best row performer and showed not everyone would have a guitar (Piano)  “This man doesn’t play rock ‘n’ roll, he is rock ‘n’ roll” – Bruce Springsteen Roy Orbison  Orbison hit his stride after leaving Sun, when he became a poet laureate of the lonely and joining Monument Records  23 of 42 songs in the Top 40  “Oh Pretty Woman”  #1, Covered by Van Halen and used in Pretty Woman  Moved to MGM and had a five movie run  Had a success as a solo, was feted on TV tributes, then asked to join a band  The Traveling Wilbury’s  Roy Orbison, George Harrison, Bob Dylan, Tom Petty Charlie Rich  “The Silver Fox”  Sam Phillips’ great what-might-have-been  Alcoholic The Day The Music Died Buddy Holly  Extremely influenced by Elvis and chose to play rockabilly after hearing him play in Lubbock and later opened for him  Contracted with two different record labels  Brunswick for solo records  Coral Records for Buddy Holly & The Crickets  The Beatles started out as a performing band modeled on Buddy Holly’s group The Crickets  The Crickets  Joe Maudlin, Buddy Holly, Nikki Sullivan & JL Alisson  Norman Petty  Manager & Producer  Instrumental in Holly’s success Ritchie Valens  Pioneer of rock ‘n’ roll and Chicano rock  “Father of Chicano Rock”  Career lasted 8 months with 3 hit records  “La Bamba”  Mexican folk song J.P. Richardson  “The Big Bopper”  Disc jockey on rock ‘n’ roll radio, trying to make a transition to rock ‘n’ roll fame The Day The Music Died  Winter Dance Party  Don McLean & “American Pie” The Five Styles of Rock ‘N’ Roll  Charlie Gillett  Author of The Sound Of The City  Posited the first five years of rock ‘n’ roll had five styles  Northern Band Rock ‘N’ Roll, New Orleans Dance Blues, Memphis Rockabilly, Chicago R&B, & Vocal Group Rock ‘N’ Roll Northern Band Rock ‘N’ Roll  Bill Haley & His Comets  Chiefly concerned with expressing high spirited feelings of togetherness  “Shake, Rattle & Roll”  First international rock ‘n’ roll hit  “Rock Around The Clock”  First rock ‘n’ roll record to top the Billboard Top 40  Featured in the opening of the 1955 movie Blackboard Jungle New Orleans Dance Blues  Pat Boone  Ripped off blues artists such as Fats Domino & Little Richard  Generated general interest and acceptance into the new rock ‘n’ roll sound  Cover versions of “Ain’t That A Shame” & “Tutti Frutti” charted higher than the original versions Memphis Rockabilly  Most complete of early rock ‘n’ roll styles because it was a marriage of R&B, country and western  Rock ‘n’ rolls purest form, emerging from Sam Phillips in Sun  Eddie Cochran  Country and western  “Summertime Blues”  Top 20 hit for Blue Cheer & The Who  Died in a London car accident riding with Gene Vincent, whom he toured with  Wanda Jackson  “Queen of Rockabilly”& “The Sweet Lady With The Nasty Voice”  Talked into rockabilly after dating Elvis Presley Chicago Rhythm & Blues  Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley, Muddy Waters  The Everly Brothers  Rooted in country as child stars  Melded country with emerging rock in the 1950s  Felice & Boudleaux Bryant  Covered songs by the Everly Brothers  The Stray Cats  “Rock This Town” Vocal Group Rock ‘N’ Roll  Doo-Wop and less attention to rhythm  Bridged the music of the 1950s with rock ‘n’ roll  “Holy Trinity”  The Platters, The Drifters, & The Coasters  The Platters  First rock ‘n’ roll group to have a Top 5 Albums  Buck Ram  Songwriter and producer associated with The Holy Trinity  “Smoke Gets In Your Eyes” ©  #1 Billboard  Show tune written for Roberta in 1933  The Coasters  Brainchild of the songwriting team Lieber & Stoller  The Drifters  “Kings of Vocal Group Rock ‘N’ Roll”  Clyde McPhatter, Ben E. King, Rudy Lewis, & Johnny Moore  Possibly the greatest vocal group of the 1950s  “Money Honey”  Biggest R&B hit of 1954 American Graffiti  Film featuring the majority of songs heard in class (41 rock ‘n’ roll songs)  Directed by George Lucas Rock Inc. Brill Building  Modern Tin Pan Alley  Aldon Music  Music publishing company located in Brill hosing most songwriters  Jerry Lieber Mike Stoller  “Fathers of Rock ‘N’ Roll Songwriting”  Started writing for The Coasters  “Hound Dog”, “Jailhouse Rock”  Dom Pomus & Mort Schuman  Characterized by love of black culture and music  Wrote 25 songs for Elvis  Burt Bacharach & Hal David  Biggest client was Diana Warwick  Bacharach was the best artist to come from Brill  Bacharach an
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