MCB 2000 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Bacteriophage, Arthropod, Thermus Aquaticus

53 views2 pages
Notes from the Practice Exam 2
The CDC uses ____ to track outbreaks of foodborne illness
o DNA fingerprints
o Reverse-transcriptase PCR
Archaea did NOT evolve before bacteria
RNA interference
o Used to silence specific genes
o May be used for treating cancer, viral diseases
Synthesis of a repressible enzyme is stopped by the ___
o Corepressor-repressor complex binding to the operator
Agricultural products made by DNA techniques
o Nitrogenase (nitrogen fixation)
o Frost retardant
o Glyphosphate-resistant crops
o Bacillus thuringiensis insecticide
o NOT pectinase
Gene silencing involves…
o Dicers
o Production of double stranded RNAs
o RNA-induced silencing complex
o Small interfering RNAs
Green algae does NOT produce toxic compounds
Vector = self-replicating DNA used to transmit a gene from one organism to another
Inducible enzyme = an enzyme produced in response to the presence of a substrate
Techniques used to introduce recombinant DNA into plants
o Ti plasmids and agrobacterium
o Gene guns
o Protoplast fusion
o Electroporation
o NOT microinjection
Transcription may produce
o rRNA
o tRNA
o mRNA
Conjugation transfers DNA horizontally
Pneumocystis is NOT transferred by mosquitoes
Cell-to-cell contact is NOT required for transduction
Random shotgun method is used for genome sequencing
cDNA lacks introns
RNA polymerase copies DNA to make a molecule of RNA
Lichens represent a mutualistic relationship between a fungus and an ALGANOT a
Metagenomics = the study of genetic material taken directly from the environment
Bacteria typically contain ONE chromosome
Shuttle vector = plasmid that is used to move pieces of DNA among organisms
Eliminate anopheles mosquitoes to eliminate malaria
Yeast infections are caused by Candida albicans
find more resources at
find more resources at
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

Grade+All Inclusive
$10 USD/m
You will be charged $120 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.