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POS 4424 Midterm: First Exam Study Guide POS4424

Political Science
Course Code
POS 4424
David Hedge
Study Guide

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1. The models (aka broad vision) that rieselbach talks about in his reading are the
Executive Force- allows the president to lead without obstructionism
from congress.
Responsible Parties- allows President to organize political parties to deal
with congressional obstructionism; rewrite rules so disciplined majority
easily carry legislative through congress.
Literary Theory- checks and balance between congress and president so
that both act together for policy.
Congressional Supremacy “Whig”- Congress first branch of government
and should see over all policy.
Knowing from Rieselbachs standpoint in responsibility and forgiveness.
Responsibility- making policies that are reasonably successful resolving
major issues; speedy and efficient ; compatible with all theories.
Responsiveness- Process or content of policy; takes into account public
opinion in making policy; compatible with “Whig” and Literary.
Difference between a trustee and delegate perspective on representatives.
Trustees Perspective- voters select candidates as a trustee and entrusts
them with acting for the greater good with more autonomy.
Delegates Perspective- Voters elect candidates to act as a voice for the
wishes of the only; no autonomy.
What is the “Conventional Wisdom” about the relationship between the
decentralization of power and responsiveness and responsibility?
“Conventional Wisdom” an idea that the more central authority that exist,
the more responsibility can occur (policy making) but less responsiveness
(considering public opinion)
2. What have been the long-term developments in congress evolution?
Factors driving congress’s institutional development; legislative workload,
size, executive branch conflict, members partisan interests.
What considerations contributed to the growth of congressional careerism?
Contributions to congressional careerism came about with an increase on
party states, service more rewarding control of staff, seniority awarded.
3. How has Congress evolved over the last fifty years or so?
Congress has evolved over the past fifty years by destroying the iron
triangle, resulting in new kinds of members, increased member resources
combination of rural/urban districts, increased voting/ amendment floor
activity power of the speaker.
What were the major features of the “Congress of Committee” that existed in the
fifties and sixties?
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