GEOG 1101 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Ted Fujita, Fujita Scale, Syukuro Manabe

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Fuck Wind and Pressure
EXAM 1 Review
Does this class even matter anymore? Climate change isnt real remember?
^they make a good point
Can someone post the notes below the study guide. PLEASE!!!!
-Hunter Lester
Let’s Start a review for the test Friday. Post whatever you think is important.
Is there gonna be an essay portion? Or just multiple choice?
Anyone in the MLC want to study?
The website has past tests and flashcard decks to study with. Here’s the link:
They have a blank version of a past Exam 1 test and the answer key to check yourself with. Also,
Mr. Hopkin’s test will likely be far easier than the practice test available. So it’ll be good practice,
though note some things on there were not included in our notes and you don’t need to know
Is it the test for Knox the same as Hopkins? Couldnt find test for hopkins on Koofers.
Nah i dont think so
Knox test looked fucking impossible lol
I hope not
Bet bet , thanks!
Notes are at the bottom of study guide. -Chris Hudson
Thank you Chris Hudson you beast.
What a man.
Chris Hudson is the goat.
What is the difference between weather and climate?
-Weather is the condition of the atmosphere at a given place and time. It is short term.
-Climate is the long term-conditions of atmosphere over many years.
-Weather= mood Climate=personality
- Is the earths surface heated equally? No
-Is the troposphere heated from the ground up? Yes
-Does Air pressure decrease with increasing height? Yes
-Is the amount of energy emitted by an object and the wavelength at which it is emitted, dependent on
temperature of the object? Yes
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- Does most weather take place in the troposphere? Yes
-What is one time zone? 15 degrees (1 hr)
-How much does the Earth tilt in degrees? 23.5 degrees
-What determines the time zones? Earths rotation and the Meridians of Longitude
-Where do most surface weather observations come from in the US? Where are Atlanta's observations
taken? Georgia
-Layers of atmosphere?- Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere, Ionosphere
-What drives ocean currents, wind and indirectly the transport of energy across the globe? Variations in
sunlight, ultimately creating unequal heating of the Earth
-Why does temperature increase in the stratosphere? Absorption of UV radiation from the sun by the ozone
-What shape is the Earths orbit? Elliptical
Isobars are lines of equal barometric pressure.
What are the wind bars called ?
GEOG 1112 Exam #1 Review (The following list IS NOT all INCLUSIVE.)
1) Intro. to Geography
5 themes of geography
Human-earth relationship
physical geographers
Alexander von Humboldt
Vladimir Köppen
Alfred Wegner
Tetsuya Theodore Fujita
Robert Simpson
2) Earth's Spheres
-- 4 spheres(atmosphere, biosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere)
-- feedback mechanisms, equilibrium
--positive feedback (causes system to grow; hurricane),
negative feedback (keeps system from growing; cold keeping the ice frozen)
3) Latitude & Longitude
-- lines of latitude vs lines of longitude
-- major lines of lat/long
-- 90 degrees N: Latitude line of north pole
--23.5 degrees N: Latitude line of Tropic of Cancer
--0 Degrees: Longitude line of Prime Meridian
--23.5 degrees S: Latitude line of Tropic of Capricorn
--90 degrees S: Latitude line of south pole
--66.5 degrees N: Latitude line of Arctic Circle
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-- Large scale vs small scale map
4) Earth/Sun Relationships
-- Rotation ( spinning of the earth on its axis) vs *Revolution ( movement of the Earth in its orbit
around the sun) ; what causes seasons, perihelion (closest to the sun) vs. aphelion (farthest from the sun)*,
tilt of our axis (23.5 degrees)
--- Seasons: Northern Hemisphere(NH) vs Southern Hemisphere(SH) *Just the month, not
the specific date*
5) Structure of the Atmosphere
-- Composition; "Ozone Hole" :Ozone Hole occurs because increased amounts of
chlorofluorocarbons in the stratosphere
--variable gases:gases that present in differing amounts spatially or temporally within the
lower atmosphere ( Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Water Vapor, Ozone)
--vs constant: gases found in the same proportions within the lower atmosphere gases (nitrogen
78%, oxygen 21%, argon .9%)
--vs greenhouse gases (carbone dioxide, methane, water vapor, nitric oxides)
Percentage of nitrogen in the atmosphere: 78%
Percentage of oxygen in the atmosphere: 21%
*Ozone is not a greenhouse gas*
-- Vertical Structure: Air Pressure, Temperature, Layers
6) Radiation Balance
-- SW vs LW;
Scattering vs Reflection(albedo: calculated by dividing the reflected radiation by the incoming radiation
(Reflection rate): shortwave radiations) vs Absorption
Ex. Surface has albedo of 60, what percentage is reflected off that surface? 60%
*Most of the sun is put out at .5um*
-- Greenhouse effect: sunlight comes in and heats up the ground and air, and the long wave
radiation is trapped in by the greenhouse gasses and heats up the earth (atmospheric effect)
*Surplus of radiation near the equator*
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