[TXMI 3500] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 15 pages long Study Guide!

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TXMI 3500
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Lecture 1
Textile: any flexible materials that is composed of thin films of polymers or of fibers, yarns, or
fabrics or products made of films, fibers, yarns, or fabrics
Polymer: a very large molecule made by connecting many small molecules together
Fiber: any substance with a high length to width ratio possessing suitable characteristics for
being processed into fabric
Yarn: An assemblage of fibers that is twisted or laid together so as to form a continuous strand
that can be made into a textile fabric
Fabric: A flexible planar substance constructed from solutions, fibers, yarns, or fabrics in any
combination
Finish: Any process that modifies appearance or enhances performance of unfinished fabric
Coloration: Any dyeing or printing process used to add color with dyes or pigments to a textile
Gray Goods: any fabric that has not been finished
Soft Goods: Products constructed of textiles and other flexible materials including apparel,
interior textiles, and technical textiles
Classification of Textiles:
A. Apparel:
a. Clothing
b. Fashion Accessories
B. Interior:
a. Upholstered furniture
b. Carpets
c. Curtains
d. Towels, ben linens
C. Technical:
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a. Tires from textile cords
b. Glass fiber for insulation
c. Golf clubs, tennis rackets, ski poles
d. Roads, bridges, and buildings
e. Medical implants
f. Conveyor belts
g. Canoes, kayaks, sailboats
D. Smart Textiles
a. Smart fabrics
b. Interactive textiles
c. Intelligent textiles
End Use: The application or function for which a textile is designed or for which it is ultimately
used
Ex: Personal hygiene (cotton balls, makeup brushes, etc), food (packaging materials, tea
bags, etc), Sports and recreation (fishing line and nets, protective padding, tents, etc),
Transportation (car interiors, brake linens, tire cords, etc), Animal care (leashes, bed
liners, saddles, etc), Manufactured goods (hoses, mailing envelopes duct tape backing
paint rollers, etc), Environment (weed control fabric, erosion barriers, filters, etc),
Agriculture (plant covers, ropes, bale coverings, etc), Medical (examination gowns, casts,
bandages, etc), Protective gear (ballistic vests, hazmat suits, chemical resistant gloves,
etc), Building materials (moisture barriers, awnings, pool liners, etc)
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