Terms: sex: biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women, gender: a socially constructed set of ideas regarding the definition and expression of masculinity and femininity. Ideas about gender are often rooted in the social construct of a biological binary. This structural pattern affects individual consciousness, group interaction, and group access to institutional power and privileges. Sociological paradigm that explains issues of oppression that deal with rcg, which, though recognized as different social classifications, are all interconnected. Red-lining prevented people from getting loans and kept communities separated by race. Essay questions: gender binary: what it is, how it functions, and why it does not tell the whole story (difference between sex and gender, and the underlying complexity of both these terms) Sex: person"s identity based on their biological and physiological characteristics, genes, hormones. Sexuality is more than just being gay or straight. Gender binary is the idea that gender is either male or female.