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PSYC 3310 Study Guide - Fall 2019, Comprehensive Final Exam Notes - Job Satisfaction, Job Performance, Job Analysis


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3310
Professor
Kazmi
Study Guide
Final

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PSYC 3310

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Chapter 1
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Introduction to the World of Work
What Is I/O Psychology?
Psychology is the study of humans and behavior Experimental/basic
researchPractical application
I/O has two divisions Efficiency/productivity of organizations (I) Satisfaction/well-
being of employees (O)
Development and application of the science of psychology to the workplace
Not to be confused with clinical psychology
Activities and Settings of I/O Psychologists
ResearchMany are college professorsTime spent teaching and doing research
PracticeConsulting firms, government, private corporations Major focus is
application of field to real world workplaces
Considerable overlap between the two settings, and most I/O psychologists do
both to some extent.
Percentage of I/O Psychologists Who Work in
Various Settings
Source: Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology 2006 Member Survey: Overall Report.
I/O as Profession and Science
Practitioners can belong to firms Licensure required in some states
I/O Professional AssociationsSociety for Industrial and Organizational Psychologists (SIOP)
Comprised entirely of I/O psychologists
About 8,200 members, 40% are student affiliates Academy of Management (AoM)
Very large, majority of members are not psychologists Other associations vary by topic or location
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Most I/O psychologists do researchGoals can be general (learn new things) or specific (solve
an
organization’s problem)Present at conferences and publish in journals
History of I/O- Early Years
Began early 1900s by experimental psychologists Hugo Münsterberg: Psychology and
Industrial Efficiency Walter Dill Scott: The Theory of Advertising Frederick Winslow
Taylor: Scientific Management Lillian Gilbreth: Time and motion; Human factors
World War I first mass testingHealth and Munitions Committee in 1915 Robert
Yerkes: Army Alpha and Beta tests
Middle Years to Recent History
Between the wars, psychology helped business Consulting firms
Hawthorne studies at Western Electric Roethlisberger & Dickson: Hawthorne Effect
World War III and O sides studied Acceptance by APA of Division 14
Civil rights movement and other legislation
Timeline of Major Events in US
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