SOC 1301 Final: Sociology Final Exam Review Chapter 7

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University of Houston
SOC 1301
Alma- Kristina Tusini

Final Exam Review Chapter 7 1. __________ is the sociological term for the hierarchical arrangement of large social groups based on the control of basic resources. c. Social stratification 2. Sociologist Max Webers term __________ refers to the extent to which individuals have access to important societal resources such as food, clothing, shelter, education, and health care. a. life chances 3. The sociological term for the movement of individuals or groups from one level in a stratification system to another is __________. c. social mobility 4. __________ mobility is the social movement experienced by family members from one generation to the next. a. Intergenerational 5. When Carloss grandfather migrated to the United States, he had completed six years of schooling and was an agricultural worker in California. Carloss father completed high school and worked for twenty years as a clerk in a large state agency. Through the efforts of his father and grandfather, Carlos was able to graduate from college and medical school, and he now has a thriving medical practice in southern California. Carloss family exemplifies __________ mobility. c. intergenerational 6. Camryn started her career as a hightech factory worker and, through increased experience and taking specialized courses in her field, became an entrepreneur and started her own highly successful business. Camryns advancement is an example of __________ mobility. d. intragenerational 7. One of the most important characteristics of systems of stratification is their degree of flexibility. In a closed system of stratification __________. b. there is little or no social mobility 8. __________ is an extreme form of stratification in which some people are owned by others. It is a closed system in which people are treated as property and have little or no control over their lives. b. Slavery 9. Caste systems and slavery are both __________. a. systems where status is determined at birth 10. Vestiges of a caste system exist today in __________. a. India and South Africa 11. Until the 1990s, white South Africans controlled the government, the police, and the military by enforcing __________, the term used in South Africa for the separation of the races. b. apartheid 12. The open stratification system based on the ownership and control of resources, as well as the type of work people do, is termed __________. d. class 13. In a class system_____________________________. a. status is based on access to and ownership of resources 14. Both Karl Marx and Max Weber identified ___________ as an important determinant of social inequality and social change. b. class 1
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