HIST 369 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Esus, First Spanish Republic, Side Effect

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HIST 369
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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HIST 369 Exam 1
A. Term Identification
1. Baldomero Espartero
Espartero (1792 to 1879) was a politician and a military officer from Granatula. He fought in the: War of
Independence, colonial wars in South America and the Carlist War. After the Carlist War, he became a
liberal (for the lower urban) minister from 1854 to 1856.
2. House of Braganza
Braganza had been formed under the duration of Alfonso, Joao I son. They gained power in 1640 by the
discontent of Philip III and restoring Joao II of Braganza. In 1808, the Braganza house transferred their
royal court to Brazil ad fled fo Napoleo’s iasio. I , due to eolutio, the Bagaza
monarchy was dissolved.
3. Manuel Alvarez Mendizábal
Mendizábal (1790- 1853) developed the disentailment laws in 1836, that allowed the dissolution of
Church properties. He did this to gain more money to finance the government and to create a larger
landowner party.
4. Emilia Pardo Bazan
Bazan (1852- 1921) was a countess and novelist from Galicia. In the duration of her life, she wanted to
be given more rights on education (due to her upbringing of her studies) and her achievements allowed
her to win numerous honors and become a professor at UO Madrid. First female professor in Spain?
5. Fueros
Fueros (formed in the Middle Ages) were charters given to established regions and cities that preserved
certain special laws and privileges obtained from those who and been their individual kings and feudal
lords.
6. Dolores Ibarruri
Ibarrui (1895- 1989), also known as the Passion Flower, was a communist/ socialist political leader that
comes from the Basque regions. She was the founder of the Spanish Communist Party and fought
against Franco, which made her flee Spain after the Civil War.
7. PSOE
The Spanish Socialist Workers Party, founded in 1879 by Pablo Iglesias, was by the 1930s, the largest
party in the country. They had Marxist ideology with a closely integrated union movement that was
anticlerical. They were banned during the times of the Nationalist party, but was reinstated in 1977 and
grew with power in Spain.
8. Pablo Iglesias
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Iglesias (1850- 1925) was the founder of the PSOE in 1879 and the UGT in 1888. He originally was a
typesetter and a union organizer from Madrid, but formed parties with his associates, who often
competed with the anarchist for the working class supporters.
9. UGT
Union General de Trabajadores, is a labor union founded in 1888 by Pablo Iglesias, grew slowly in the
later 19th century, but it grew to prestige in the 1930s. Its support came from Madrid, Asturias, Vizcaya
and the landless laborers of the South. Its basis formed Marxist ideology, the class struggle between the
workers and the bourgeoisie and its affiliation with PSOE.
10. PNV
Basque Nationalist Party, founded in 1895, is a conservative and Catholic party that supports Basque
autonomy and nationalism. In 1959, they took a radical turn and created a new organization, ETA
(Basque Land and Freedom). It usually came to advocate armed struggle for independence, which at
moments created violent acts.
11. CNT
Cofedeaio Naioal del Taajo, fouded i , istills aahist’s ideolog, hih is the oplete
opposite of the socialist. They formed a labor scene that developed thousands of workers to strike and
increased the radicalization of the Socialist Party. The places that were prominently were Andalucía and
Catalonia.
12. Sabino Arana
Arana (1865- 1903) was a Basque nationalist that became the founder of the modern Basque nation,
coining the term Euskadi. He also founded the Basque National Party, but many people part of the party
were embarrassed of him because of his combative personality.
13. Quintas (18th century- Now)
A Portuguese vineyard where grapes for wine or port are grown and sold as port and table wines. During
the early 18th etu, Potugal’s ie tade epaded ith the Douo Wie Co., ut i the late th
century, due to overexpansion and overproduction, table wines taste started to be devalued. Due to
puttig thei alue i ie, Potugal’s eoo as still udedeeloped.
14. Sir Arthur Wellesley
(Duke of Wellington) Wellesley (1769- 1852) was a general in the Peninsular Wars (1807- 1814), which
as “pai ad Bitai esus Napoleo’s France. Wellington, by refitting the Portuguese military, in
1812, pushed into Spain and decisively took Madrid. Napoleon withdrew in 1814 from Spain.
15. Carlism
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