ANTH 239 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Biocultural Anthropology, Linguistic Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology

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7 Feb 2017
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ANTH 239
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Class 1
Biocultural perspectives on adolescent development and health
What is anthropology?
What is adolescence?
Why do we need to know about either of these things?
Semester plan
The syllabus
Expectations and Policies
Course Outline
The study of the biological and cultural evolution and diversity of human beings, past and
present
Anthropology is a comparative discipline which seeks to understand what makes people
different and what they all have in common.
The holistic study of humankind in all its forms
Holism - The theory that whole entities have existence.
What do anthropologists do
Anthropologist are concerned with the description and explanation of reality
They formulate and test hypotheses concerning the topics
Anthropological perspectives
A fundamental principle of anthropology that the various parts of culture must be viewed
in the broadest possible context in order to understand their interconnections.
How does anthropology compare to other disciplines?
Anthropologists focus on the interconnections and interdependence of all aspects of the
human experience, past, and present
This holistic and integrative perspectives equips anthropologists to grapple with the issues.
Four sub fields of anthropology
Cultural, linguistics, physical, archeology, and applied
Linguistic anthropology
Studies human languages:
Description of a language - the way a sentence is formed or a verb is conjugated
History of languages - the way languages change over time
Archaeology
Studies material remains in order to describe and explain human behavior
Study tools, pottery, and other features such as hearths and enclosures that remain as the
testimony of earlier cultures
Culture
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A society's shared and learned ideas, values, and perceptions, which are used to make
sense of experience and which generate behavior and are reflected in that behavior.
Tools, weapons, monetary, language, food, ideas, concepts, values, goals, and images, and
memories.
Cultural anthropology
The study of different patterns in human behavior, thoughts, and feelings.
Focuses on humans as culture-producing and culture reproducing creatures
You can observe with participation and you can be a part of that activity
Physical anthropology
Also called biological anthropology
Focuses on humans as biological organisms, evolution, and human variation.
Analyze fossils and observe living primates to reconstruct the ancestry of the human
species
The biocultural perspective focuses on biology
Paleoanthropology
Primatology
Human Osteology
Medical Anthropology
It is a linkage between culture and biology
Attention to social relations of power and inequalities within an anthropological political
economy.
Political economy is very important and have effects with colonialism, capitalism,
globalism, monetization, etc.
What is this class about
The development and health of adolescents from a biocultural perspective
Culture
Biology
What is adolescence?
A transition between childhood and maturity, one that begins in puberty and ends with the
adoption of culturally defined adult responsibilities and social roles
10-24 years of age are young people
15-24 youth
10-19 adolescence
19-24 emerging adulthood
What is adolescence?
Multiple processes
Changes in biological (puberty) and in social relations
Concept of adolescence
Why was the concept of adolescence "invented" in 1904?
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