Get 2 days of unlimited access
Study Guides (350,000)
US (190,000)
U of M (5,000)
ANTHRCUL (100)
Study Guide

[ANTHRCUL 101] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (26 pages long!)


Department
Anthropology, Cultural
Course Code
ANTHRCUL 101
Professor
Holly Peters- Golden
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 26 pages of the document.
U of M
ANTHRCUL 101
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

PEOPLE
Robert Redfield: Studied Tepoztlan, Mexico and found that the people valued harmony,
religion, and family; EMIC
Oscar Lewis: Restudied Tepoztlan, and found that competition tore people apart; ETIC
Richard Lee: A primary ethnographer of the Ju/Hoansi in Africa. Hosted a feast and
bragged about his cow. The people of that culture were not fond of bragging.
Annette Weiner: Found different patterns within the Trobriand Islanders than
Malinowski- noticed the economic importance of women.
Bronislaw Malinowski: Studied the Trobriand Islanders during 1915-1918
Carl Linnaeus: Stated that environment changes gradually over time. Ex. The grand
canyon eroded by a river over many years
Gregor Mendel: Studied pea plants. Law of independent assortment-most genes are
inherited separate of one another
John-Baptiste Lamarck: Theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics- individuals
who change during their lifetime can pass along those acquired changes through
inheritance to their offspring
Charles Darwin: Natural selection; Darwin didn’t know the sources of variation of the
mechanisms of heredity
Napoleon Chagnon: Described the Yanomami as “fierce people” when other people, as
well as the Yanomami would disagree
William Dressler: Studied hypertension of black people in America compared to blacks
in other continents.
He concluded that hypertension in black Americans was not based on biological
race factors, but the stressful environment of living in a racist environment caused
these issues
Edward Hall: Studied the effects of time and space in a culture. Ex. Organization of
time lapse pictures based on which direction you face.
TERMS
Anthropology: Study of biological and cultural diversity of humankind, past and present,
throughout time and space
Cultural Anthropology: Human society and culture
Archaeology: Reconstructs culture through material remains, can provide info for
cultural anthropologists
Garbology: Compares what people say versus what they do
Linguistic Anthropology: Language in social cultural context
Biological Anthropology: Human biological diversity, human ecology, process
of becoming human
Primatology: Study of both fossilized and living primates and our extinct
hominid relatives, such as australopithecines, Homo erectus, and
Neanderthals, as well as lemurs, lorises, monkeys, and apes.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Ethnographic Fieldwork Methods-
Observation: write down behaviors you notice; rules/regular patterns; things
you’re unfamiliar with
Participant Observation: Living among group of people & recording
what you observe; take part in social events; ask questions
Central way how anthro studies differ from sociological/psych
studies
Conversation: field work should be done in the local language
Interviews: structure, explanation thorough understanding of what you watch
Genealogical Methods: A well-established procedure in ethnography that was
initiated by early ethnographers to identify links of kinship determined by
marriage and descent
Key Cultural Consultants: The people who befriend ethnographers and give
them the most insight into what occurs in their culture and will tell you if you are
way off base
Help make sure you don’t say anything insulting (linguistically) in new
culture
Culture: Learned behaviors, beliefs, and attitudes that are characteristic of a particular
society or population
Culture is all-encompassing and learned, not inherited
Subculture: A culture within a broader mainstream culture, with its own separate values,
practices, and beliefs
Holism: To understand human beings as whole organisms who adapt to their
environment through a complex interaction of biology and culture
Applied Anthropology: Action oriented, problem solving way of using anthropology
EMIC perspective: Local point of view- an “insider's” account, focusing on local
explanations and meanings. Learning about a culture as if you are newborn into the
society.
ETIC perspective: Ethnographer’s perspective- “outsider’s” account, emphasizes
ethnographer’s explanations and categories and is very observer oriented. Learning about
a culture by comparing it to a culture that you already know.
Ethnology: Branch of anthropology that compares and analyzes the characteristics of
different peoples and the relationship between them
Ethnography: Firsthand, long term, personal study of a local setting; systematic study of
people and cultures
There are practicality issues such as money, danger, etc
Guided by holism
Symbol: Physical objects, colors, sounds, movements, scents which convey information
through an arbitrary or culturally assigned meaning
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version