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HISTORY 327- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 22 pages long!)


Department
History
Course Code
HISTORY 327
Professor
Professors Kathryn Babayanand Scott Specter
Study Guide
Midterm

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U of M
HISTORY 327
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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HISTORY 327 Lecture 20 (Western) LGBTQ Movements in/and the Middle East
Frames
The Turkish Bath
o Female homosocial space in colonialism
The emergence of modern sexuality as a global phenomenon
o How do sexual ideas get shaped through scientific and cultural practices
across Europe and the Middle East in the 19th century?
o Translation: dynamic processes by which ideas are produced and
transmitted
Key cultural representations of the Orient
o Sensuality: arts of pleasure, perverted sexual practices (inversion),
excess, exotic, erotic
o Violence: despotism, cruelty, sadism
Islam imagined as Christianity’s sexual other
o Polygamy
o Segregation
o Tribadism
o The vice/inversion
Changing notions of beauty and sexuality
Sexual economy: Safavi Wall painting 1648
o Differentiation of power
o Cross-dressing
o Female tribadism
How can western sexual discourses on LGBTQ rights be regarded as discourses
of power?
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What is the potential of these western discourses in relation to forms of
oppression or liberation for Middle Eastern subjects?
LGBTQ discourses as:
o Civil rights
o Constitutional rights
o Humanitarian rights
o The 2005 case of the execution of Marhoni and Asgari
“In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries western colonial and postcolonial
scrutiny of practices such as veiling, gender segregation, homosociality, and
same-sex sexuality in various Muslim majority countries made these practices
key markers of civilizational difference...” - Rastegar
Division between legality and criminalization of homosexuality
o Most affluent secular countries shifting toward acceptance
o Most countries with a colonial past have anti-LGBTQ laws
Genealogy of the French Revolution
Declaration of the Rights of Men (1789)
o Men are born and remain free and equal in rights
o The principle of all sovereignty resides essentially in the nation
o Liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else
History of human rights
o The doctrine of “natural right”
o Rights of man as universal
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
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