[POLSCI 190] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 28 pages long Study Guide!

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6 Feb 2017
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POLSCI 190
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Senate Appointments
Ethics overviews are difficult
Rex Tillerson has been scrutinized
John McCain said he may not support him
Jeff Sessions for Attorney General is controversial
Critics say he is racist
Such a conservative cabinet is somewhat surprising for Trump
Trump only needs 51 votes to get his nominees approved
In 2009, Obama needed 60 votes and the Senate could filibuster
There are 52 Republican Senators, so he will be able to appoint more conservative
nominees because he does not have to appeal to any Democrats
In 1960s, the majority to cut off debate was ⅔ and then it was lowered to 60, but
since 2013 it is a simple majority
Democrats used the ‘nuclear’ option
Extreme procedural maneuver
Asked the presiding officer of the Senate to propose that it only takes 51
votes to end debate for presidential nominees
Then he proposes it, and his proposals can be approved with only 51 votes
It passes
Republicans warned Democrats that they would regret this move
This applies to all presidential nominees and federal judges (not Supreme Court)
Republicans will most likely use the same move to get a simple majority for
Supreme Court nominees
Partisan gerrymandering - when the party in majority draws districts to benefit their
parts
An incumbent can gerrymander in a different way to benefit themselves
You can either maximize the number of seats or concentrate the power in the same areas
Segregated housing results in homogenous and extreme (ideologically) districts
Democrats live near Democrats and Republicans live near Republicans
Racial gerrymandering has been used to increase the numbers of African American
elected officials, usually concentrated in urban areas
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Or if the minority population is scattered, we end up with an oddly shaped district
Created more polarity and more homogenous districts
Homogenous districts are noncompetitive and therefore not affected by coattails
As states become more heterogenous, coattails matter more
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