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PSYCH 111 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Guide: Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Fluid And Crystallized Intelligence, Observational Learning


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 111
Professor
Shelly Schreier
Study Guide
Final

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U of M
PSYCH 111
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lecture 1 Note
S2
Psychology is based on what you think, how information gets in, how information
gets distorted, area output, things you do and things you don’t.
It is the observable components of your mental processes.
Time and culture: What we’re learning now is only what we know now. Things are
always changing as time goes on.
S3
You learn about the world firstly by observations, leading to good descriptions.
S4
Wilhelm Wundt started looking at how we see the world. He came up with
consciousness
S6
Freud started to study with people who’s part of a body cannot move even though
there is no damage to them
Freud said that there is something called the unconscious, which he thought had the
biggest impact on how we behave.
We have urges, feelings, etc. are overwheming to us if we allow them to come to our
conscious.
Our personality is determined in the first 5 years of our lives.
S7
The Freudian Slip is when you think something unconscious but it comes out.
S8
The Humanistic perspective thought that we are all here to be the best version that
we can be. They stressed the positive potential of all humans.
We all start out needing to take care of our basic needs such as water and food.
After you have that, we are driven to better ourselves, wanting to have some shelter,
wife, etc.
S9
The behaviorist perspective said that only observable behavior is worth studying.
Pavlov studied this through dogs, where dogs began to drool just by hearing the
footsteps of the owner.
S10
Operant conditioning: If you are rewarded for a behavior, you will do it more likely.
If you are punished for it, you are more likely to do it less
S11
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Cognitive perspective said we have to explore how somebody thinks about the
world
S12
The idea of what is happening and what you’re thinking and feeling
S14
Evolutionary psychology looks at things as if people prefer to be with other or be
alone.
Developmental psychology looks at stuff of how we develop.
S15
Social psych found that people will follow people in authority even at difficult times.
Research shows the more people around, the less likely you are to get help.
S16
An attachment pattern is observing the relationship between a parent and their
child
They studied something called a strange situation: Some babies exhibit a secure
attachment and cry when their parents leave and a stranger comes in but stops
crying when the mom comes back.
There is also insecure attachment where they don’t care if the mom leaves them.
This could be culture based.
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