[PSYCH 280] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (34 pages long!)

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6 Feb 2017
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U of M
PSYCH 280
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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January 5, 2017
Social Norms
A general rule of conduct reflecting standards of social approval or disapproval
“Polite” or “normal” behavior
Would you curse in front of your grandmother?
Is it ok to cut in line?
What is Social Psychology?
Why do people hate certain groups?
Attraction
Changing beliefs and behavior
Helping/not helping others
Power
First impressions
Social psychology - scientific study of how people think, feel, & behave in regard to
other people and how individuals’ thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are affected by other
people
People react differently to the same situation
Unit of study is the individual
Power of the Situation
Often overwhelms one’s personality (or individual learning histories)
Shapes the way we behave
Proximal and Distal Influences
Proximal - near
Distal - far
Proximal
Situation itself, how it is perceived, underlying processes of perceiving and
reacting to situations
Channel factors
Certain situational circumstances that appear unimportant on the surface
but can have great consequences for behavior, either causing or blocking it
or guiding behavior in a particular direction
Ex : organ donors, opt in or opt out?
When you have to opt in, less people are organ donors
When you have to opt out, more people are organ donors
Distal
Evolution - commonalities in human adaptive behavior, natural selection;
physical characteristics and behavioral inclinations
**does not mean that behaviors are a result of evolution**
Naturalistic fallacy - claims that the way things are is the way they
should be
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Confusion of “is” and “ought”
Ex: violence, meat eating, monogamy
Culture - shows the differences amongst people. Includes values, who we
think we are, and how we should treat others
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