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[HISTORY 373] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 25 pages long Study Guide!


Department
History
Course Code
HISTORY 373
Professor
Fronc Jennifer
Study Guide
Final

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UMASS-Amherst
HISTORY 373
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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History 373 – 9/12/16
way Marxists look at history, they first look at base —> economic system
base then determines the structure which shows up in pop culture, law, and
policies
after civil war, slavery was eliminated but not racism
during reconstruction:
political reconstruction: focus was on how to bring rebel states back in
how will newly freed slaves have a role in society
free labor ideology (opposite of slavery)
popular in north
northerners were anti slavery only because slavery lowered their wages
what is freedom in the absence of slavery?
sharecropping system:
was the new labor system for freed slaves and poor whites
poor whites weren’t affected by black codes
newly freed slaves went back to work on plantations for wages
would buy stuff from country store in exchange for a share of their crop (50% go
to store owners)
if they couldn’t pay back, store owners would lend $$ with an interest rate
soon they found themselves in debt peonage
14th ammendment - establishes that anyone born in the U.S is a citizen of the
country and the state their live in (they have equal protection under the law)
15th ammendment - grants black men the right to vote
white women were angry —> “why give black men the right to vote?"
immigrant men could vote before middle class white women could
black codes: series of county/town laws that articulated what black people
weren’t allowed to do and curtailed the freedom they could have
not really free but not enslaved either
included voting “loopholes”: sneaky laws to make sure that black men couldn’t
vote
the grandfather clause: if your grandfather could vote, they you could vote;
literacy tests
poll taxes
examples: prohibits black people from going out after dark, no more than 3 can
gather, no interracial marriage
it restricted black people’s mobility by requiring labor contracts
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share croppers would get contracts from their boss
they had to carry it around everywhere to show that they belonged to a white
person
if they didn’t have it on them, they would be put in jail (even if they had quit their
job)
the only way to get out was to be sold to lowest bidder
white owners would come and pay their fine in exchange for work
The U.S is a white supremacist society
people who share characteristics (whites) = dominant
to maintain a sense of difference between whites and blacks, you need to
empower the poor whites
white elite planter men acted as the “father”, acting like they were going to
“protect" and watch out for people
the white elite planter class wanted to:
keep the freed slaved inferior/locked in
keep ripping the poor whites off but not make them angry (because they might
team up with blacks to overthrow)
making $$$
so, the white elite planter class would say things like “you’re poor but at least
you’re white” —> the poor whites could still look down on blacks
ensured white dominance
stereotypes/charactures about black people emerges to keep the stark difference
between whites and blacks
Uncle tom: kind, older black man
Black rapist/brute: all black men want is sex with white women and they cannot
control themselves
Mammy: older black woman, asexual, no family or needs of her own, a “good
black woman that complies"
Jezebel: sexual/sex star black woman used to justify sexual assault of black
women
Saphire: “boss ass bitch”, educated, singly, outspoken, most dangerous because
she can get the story out there
These myths/stereotypes start to circulate to separate whites and blacks
Plessy v. ferguson and the “Jim Crow Laws"
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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