[MANAGMNT 260] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 47 pages long Study Guide!

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UMASS-Amherst
MANAGMNT 260
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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US#Constitution:#about#all#other#laws
State#Constitution:#can#grant#more#liberties#but#cannot#take#away#any
Federalism:
Federal#Government
-
State#Government
Local#Government#(county,#municipality)
-
Federal#Authority,#statue#authority,#concurrent#authority
State:#some#law#exclusively#state
Concurrent:#both#state#and#federal#cases
-
Sources#of#Law:
Legislature/legislative# branch#
Federal#level:#House#of#Representatives#and#the#Senate#(Congress)
State#level:#in#MA#it#is#called#"#The#Great#and#General#Court"
-
Laws#passed#by#legislative#branch#are#called#statutes#or#codes
42#USCA#1982#(citation#to#a#federal#statute)
Mass.#Gen.#laws#Ann.#Ch.81#Sect.72
-
Laws#passed#by#legislature#are#given#a#special#deference#because#they#are#
elected#democratically.
-
Judiciary/Courts
Federal#Courts
-
Supreme#Court#of#the#United#States#(SCOTUS)
-
US#court#of#appeals#for#the#various#Circuits#(11#numbered#circuits,#the#DC#
Circuit,#and#the#Federal#Circuit)#(Here#in#MA#we#are#the#1st#Circuit;#Conn.#And#
NY#are#in#the#2nd#Circuit.)#This#is#the#intermediary#appellate#court.
The#circuits#are#in#charge#of#the#circuits#in#their#area#but#their#decisions#
are#binding#to#other#circuits.#The#SCOTUS#makes#the#overall,#uniformed#
decision
-
Monday'9/12/16
Monday,#September# 12,#2016
10:22#AM
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decision
The#United#States#Federal#District#Court.#This#is#the#court#of#original#jurisdiction,#
aka#the#trial#court.
Decisions#made#by#the#appellate#court#form#precedent.#Stare#Decisis#is#an#
important#concept#in#our#court#system.#
-
Sources#of#Law#in#MA:
Highest#Court#in#MA:#Judiciary#(SJC)#-supreme#justice#court
-
MA#Court#of#Appeals/MA#Appeals#Court
Intermediary#court#of#appeals
-
Superior#court#of#the#district#court#(or#some#other#specialty#court).#There#are#the#
trial#courts.
Felonies#are#tried#in#superior#court
Small#misdemeanors#are#tried#in#district#courts
Specialty#court:#Family#court,#Juvenile#court,#Housing#court,#Land#court#
(property)
-
There#are#jurisdictional#limits#on#whether#or#not#you#have#to#follow#the#law#or#not.#
Mandatory#vs.#persuasive.#Persuasive:#other#courts#can#see#what#we#did#and#follow#or#
not.#
Words#for#Laws#enacted#by#judges#is:
Precedent
Case#Law
Common#Law
Judge-Made#Law
Judicial#Decision
-
For#judges#to#decide#a#case,#there#must#be#a#case#or#controversy.#Judges#can#
only#interpret#the#law#in#the#course#of#resolving#a#conflict.#Case#or#controversy#
requirement:#they#constrain#judges.#Limit#the#courts#ability#to#make#law.#Judges#
are#an#essential#piece# and#the#decisions#they#make#become#law#to#other#people.#
-
These#words#are#likely#to#be#made#by#court.#Trial#made#decision:#no#
precedential#values#(unique#to#that#case).#
-
Different#agencies#that#can#create#laws
EPA#
Department#of#Revenue
Executive#or#independent#
Difference:#how#people#are#chosen#to#be#in#those#agencies#(the#
board)
§
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