FINAL Review Guide

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Psychology & Brain Sciences
Lori Astheimer Best

BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE FINAL What is neuroscience? How do we study the relationships between behavior and the brain?  Somatic interventions o Manipulating the brain and body directly.  Behavioral interventions o Manipulate behavior to see how it affects the brain.  Correlational studies o Measure two different variables; somatic or behavioral. Cells of the nervous system,  Neurons o Parts of a neuron o How does a neuron’s form match its function?  Spinal motor neurons  Pyramidal cells  Apical dendrite – lots in the hippocampus  Shape can change through learning and memory  Purkinje cells  Located in the cerebellum  Dendritic arbors – can receive lots of signals  Glia  Microglia o Eat foreign materials.  Astrocytes o Large glia cells, 1) help to form the blood brain barrier by connecting to blood vessels, removing nutrients and transferring them to neurons. 2) provide support matrix. 3) neurocommunication  Myelinating glia o Schwann cells  Peripheral nervous system  Myelinate a single location o Oligodendrocytes  Central nervous system  Can myelinate multiple neurons at once Neuroanatomy,  Directions in neuroanatomy. o Dissection planes  CNS vs. PNS o CNS contains brain and spinal cord – PNS is everything else.  Spinal Nerves o Spinal pathways  Dorsal root  Contains sensory neurons  Ventral root  Efferent motor neurons  Cranial nerves o Origin and function Peripheral nervous system  Somatic o What kid of muscle?  Striated or skeletal muscle.  Autonomic o What kind of muscle?  Smooth muscle. o Two major subcomponents,  Sympathetic  Parasympathetic Central nervous system  Four lobes of the brain, o What are the landmarks that divide them?  Five major divisions of the human brain o What are they? o Why are they organized in this way?  How is the brain protected? o Ventricles o Meninges Neurophysiology  Resting membrane potential o What ions are involved?  Potassium / chloride o What forces are involved?  Resting potential chart
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 330

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.