Introduction to Ethics Notes Part 3

2 Pages
47 Views

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 217
Professor
All

This preview shows 80% of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Description
The distinction between the absolutist and utilitarian: Utilitarianism gives primacy to a concern with what will happen. Absolutism gives primacy to a concern with what one is doing. An absolutist position opposes to this the view that certain acts cannot be justified no matter what the consequences. Among those acts is murder-the deliberate killing of the harmless: civilians, prisoners of war, and medical personnel. Absolutism does not, of course, require one to ignore the con- sequences of one's acts. It operates as a limitation on utilitarian reasoning, not as a substitute for it. An absolutist can be expected to try to maximize good and minimize evil, so long as this does not require him to transgress an absolute prohibition like that against murder. But when such a conflict occurs, the prohibition takes com- plete precedence over any consideration of consequences. Absolutism: That is, it does not say that the worst thing in the world is the deliberate murder of an innocent person. For if that were all, then one could presumably justify one such murder on the ground that it would prevent several others, or ten thousand on the ground that they would prevent a hundred thousand more. That is a familiar argument. But if this is allowable, then there is no absolute prohibition against murder after all.
More Less
Unlock Document

Only 80% of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit