Psychology 101 Study Guide Exam 1.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Massachusetts - Boston
Steve Conrad

Psychology 101 Study Guide Exam #1 Ch. 15, 16, 13 Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders • Medical Model – The view that is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease • Etiology of an illness – causation and development history of an illness • Criteria of abnormality – 1. Deviance: when normal behavior deviates from what society considers acceptable 2. Maladaptive Behavior: when everyday adaptive is impaired (drugs) 3. Personal Distress: troubled by depression or anxiety disorders • Common stereotypes about psychological disorders o • Symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder o Constant worrying (minor matters/how much they worry) o Dread making decisions o Anxiety (trembling, muscle tension, diarrhea, dizziness, sweating etc.) • Phobias Vs. Ordinary fears o Phobic disorder: marked by a persistent/irrational fear of an object that presents no real danger o Phobic disorder when their fears interfere with everyday behavior o Ordinary fears: fear of heights, fear of small enclosed places, fear of storms etc. • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) – marked by persistent, uncontrollable intrusions of obsessions and urges to engage in senseless routines • Seligman’s concept of preparedness o Suggests that people are biologically prepared by their evolutionary history to acquire some fears much more easily than others o Explains why people develop phobias of ancient sources of threat (snakes/spiders) much more readily than modern sources of threat (electrical outlets/hot irons) • Conversion Disorder – mental health condition in which a person has blindness, paralysis, or other nervous system symptoms that cannot be explained medically • Major Depressive disorder – people show persistent feelings of sadness /despair/loss of interest in previous sources of pleasure • Bipolar Disorder – the experience of one or more manic episodes/ periods of depression • Delusions – false beliefs that are maintained even though they are clearly out of touch with reality • Schizophrenic disorders – a class of disorders marked by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and deterioration of adaptive behavior • Paranoid Schizophrenia – dominated by delusions of persecution, along with delusions of grandeur (believe they have many enemies who want to hurt them) • Positive Vs. Negative symptoms in schizophrenia o Negative symptoms involve behavioral deficits (apathy, impaired attention, social withdrawal, poverty of speech) o Positive symptoms involve behavioral excesses peculiarities (hallucinations, de
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.