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ESCI 1001 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Plate Tectonics, Seismic Wave, Seismogram

Earth Sciences
Course Code
ESCI 1001
Study Guide

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Pre-Lab Study Guide
1. Be able to explain the roles elastic and brittle behavior play in earthquakes, and how
ductile and brittle behavior can be used to interpret past stress events.
a. Brittle deformation creates different types of faults and certain faults can causes
some elastic deformation and it causes the earthquake
b. Because brittle and ductile behavior are permanent they leave specific marker
that can be analyzed to show past stress event
2. Be able to explain how seismograms can be used to identify an earthuake’s location
ad how geologists use that ifoatio to deteie a eathuake’s locatio.
a. P-waves and S-waves travel at different speeds, the difference in their arrival
times at a seismic station allows geologists to determine the distance between
the station and a seismic event. The difference in arrival times between the first
P-wave and the first S-wave is proportional to the distance from the epicenter to
the station.
3. In particular, know the minimum number of seismic stations needed to locate an
a. Thee seisogas to pipoit a eathuake’s locatio
4. what specific information the seismographs record
a. A seismic wave shakes a seismogram base and creates a relative motion that is
recorded and can determine its position
5. Which types of stresses dominate each of the following plate tectonic boundaries:
divergent, convergent and transform? If rock behaves in a ductile manner, which types
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