CYAF 471 Study Guide - Spring 2019, Comprehensive Final Exam Notes - Vagina, Masturbation, Major Depressive Disorder

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CYAF 471
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Paraphilias
A sexual behavior may be uncommon, but does not cause concern unless it
involves a…
Paraphilic disorder- refers to "intense and persistent sexual interest other
than… genital stimulation or preparatory fondling with phenotypically
normal, physically mature, consenting human partners" causing distress
and/or dysfunction. Can involve…
Non-human objects
§
The suffering or humiliation of one's self or one's partner, or…
§
Children or other non-consenting persons
§
Desire is compulsive and persists for at least six months
-
Individuals with paraphilias may experience…
Impaired relationships if sexual partners are repelled by the person's
behavior
Guilt and shame about their unusual sexual habits, leading to depression
Arrest if their sexual behaviors involve infringing on the rights of others
(coercive paraphilias)
-
Noncoercive Uncommon Sexual Behaviors
Fetishism- sexual arousal achieved through use of inanimate objects (e.g. clothing)
May masturbate while handling the item, or ask partner to wear it
-
Transvestic fetishism- sexual arousal achieved by cross-dressing
May wear women's clothing under male clothing, or may dress entirely as a
female
Seen primarily in heterosexual men
-
Urophilia- sexual arousal from contact with urine ("golden showers")
-
Corprophilia- sexual arousal from contact with feces
-
Klismaphilia- sexual arousal from giving or receiving enemas
-
Adult baby syndrome- sexual arousal from role-playing as a baby (wearing diapers
and baby clothes)
-
Sadomasochism
Sexual sadism- sexual arousal triggered by the physical or psychological
suffering of another person
E.g. blindfolding, spanking, whipping, urinating, or defecating upon
another person
§
-
Atypical Sexual Behaviors
Thursday, April 18, 2019
2:00 PM
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another person
May involve role-playing rather than actual harm to another
§
Sexual masochism- sexual arousal achieved by experiencing suffering
through pain/humiliation
May involve having a partner inflict the suffering, or may do it on their
own
§
Some risk of accidental death if involved in activities such as
asphyxiophilia- restricting breathing through plastic bags/strangulation
§
Coercive Paraphilias
Voyeurism- sexual arousal achieved by observing unconsenting others naked or
engaged in grooming or sexual activity
May fantasize about a relationship with the people viewed, but generally
don't seek actual sexual involvement with targets
-
Exhibitionism- sexual arousal achieved by displaying genitals to un-consenting
others
May masturbate while exposing self or while fantasizing about exposure
May believe the observer will become aroused
-
Pedophilia- preference for sexual involvement with prepubescent children
Most pedophiles identify themselves as heterosexual
May experience cognitive dissonance (distress when behavior does not
match values/cognition) and thus change how to view behavior
Not all perpetrators of childhood sexual abuse are true pedophiles- may
prefer adult victims but choose children because they are easier to control
-
Frotteurism- sexual arousal from rubbing genitals against a non-consenting person,
or fondling the person's genitals or breasts
-
Telephone/computer scatalogia- sexual arousal from making obscene phone calls
or internet contacts
-
Zoophilia- sexual contact with animals
-
Necrophilia- sexual arousal from viewing or having contact with corpses
-
Prevalence of Unusual Sexual Behaviors
Not well-known- tend not to self-report
Likely not common, but due to their chronic nature, a large proportion of the
population has been victimized by individuals with paraphilias
Almost never seen in females, except for sexual masochism (occasionally
found) and pedophilia (rarely found)
Most common are pedophilia, voyeurism, and exhibitionism
Less common are sadism and masochism
-
Course of Unusual Sexual Behaviors
Commonly fantasies may begin in childhood; begin to act on fantasies in
-
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