[LIFE 120] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (32 pages long!)

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7 Feb 2017
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UNL
LIFE 120
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Aside&from&water,&living&organisms&consist&mostly&of&carbon-based&
A&compound&containing&carbon&is&said&to&be&an&organic&compound
Carbon&is&the&most&versatile&atom&on&earth
This&is&the&source&of&carbon's&versatility&
Carbon-containing&molecules&can&form&an&almost&limitless&array&of&
molecular&shapes&w/&diff&combos&of&single&and&double&bonds
An&atom's&electron&configuration&determines&kinds&and&number&of&bonds&the&
atom&will&form&with&other&atoms
Carbon'Compounds'and'Life
This&is&the&source&of&carbon's&versatility
Carbon'atoms'can'form'diverse'molecules'by'bonding'to'4'other'atoms
In&organic&compounds,&each&carbon&atom&forms&4&covalent&bonds&with&
Variation'in'Carbon'Skeletons
Carbon'and'the'Molecular'Diversity'of'Life
Wednesday,& January&18,&2017
1:32&PM
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In&organic&compounds,&each&carbon&atom&forms&4&covalent&bonds&with&
neighboring&atoms&to&produce&a&vast&array&of&chemical&structures
A&molecule's&shape&is&usually&very&important&to&its&function
Molecular&shape&determines&how&biological&molecules&recognize&and&respond&to&
one&another
Molecular'Shape'&'Function
Isomers are&molecules&that&have&the&same&molecular&formula&and&molecular&
weight,&but&a&different&arrangement&of&atoms
Structural&isomers&differ&in&the&order&which&their&atoms&are&attached
Isomers
Functional&groups&are&the&components&of&organic&molecules&that&are&most&
commonly&involved&in&chemical&reactions
The'chemical'groups'most'important'to'life
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