PSYC 263 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Amplitude Modulation, Test Cricket, Blinking

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PSYC 263
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Tuesday, September 25th at 9:30 am
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60 multiple choice questions, four options per question
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Study…
Anything from lectures up until now (the videos too)
Anything from the first four chapters of the book
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How to study…
Don’t memorize dates or years
Don’t need to memorize names (the studies are more important)
Studies are given context
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Things to pay attention to…
Key terms/definitions
Experimental findings and what they mean
Big picture stuff
Applications (what does a finding mean in terms of real world actions)
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Note
Pay attention to the sample multiple choice questions
A study guide is on canvas as well
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PowerPoint Notes:
The Ternus Illusion
Errors are not random
When you make an error in a cognitive task, most of the time it is
because of the way that you normally process things
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Most people tend to group all of the similar items together (grouping
things is not a coincidence or a mistake, but rather a pattern of memory)
Eye movements are 50-100 milliseconds
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Kramer and Yantis
Changed Ternus from two circles to a circle and a square
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Dodd, McAuley, and Pratt
Changed it by connecting the circles together
Element motion is almost impossible to prevent/get rid of
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The Presidential Illusion:
Visual system fills it in
Used to seeing those people in these positions therefore your brain
§
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Lecture September 13 (Test Prep)
Thursday, September 13, 2018
9:32 AM
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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Used to seeing those people in these positions therefore your brain
takes shortcuts
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Context is strongly influencing perception
Additional context changes your interpretation
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Global and Local
Global- Processing things in a larger manner (ex: here is the space that I
am in, here is what the whole room is like)
Ex: When looking at the smaller item it is seen in a global view
(Marilyn Monroe)
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Local- Processing individual things/items
Ex: When looking at the closer up view it is seen in a local view
(Albert Einstein; Can see the wrinkles and the details)
§
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Thatcher Illusion
When faces are or can be flipped upside down
Does not have to do with processing faces neurally, but rather how little
you are used to seeing faces upside down
Eyes, nose, mouth configuration/structure that we are accustomed
to seeing
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Hollow Mask Illusion
Accustomed to faces coming towards you, therefore that is the way that
your brain perceives it
Expectations weighing in on perception
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Ames Window Illusion
Is actually a trapezoid but can only be perceived in one panel of our
typical viewing experience
Why the twins look like different sizes
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Inverse projection problem
A book at different angles could cast the same image on your retina
The book that's close to you and the book that is far back are sending the
same message to you, even though one is larger than the other
Using the context of things to identify how you ideally should be
processing it
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Magnetic Hill
Moving downward but makes it feel/look like you are walking upward
Same feeling as when you are sitting in a school bus and the bus next to
you starts to move so you perceive it as your bus moving
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Physiological Stuff
Afterimages
Physiologically based on how your eyes work
§
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Document Summary

60 multiple choice questions, four options per question. Anything from lectures up until now (the videos too) Anything from the first four chapters of the book. Don"t need to memorize names (the studies are more important) Applications (what does a finding mean in terms of real world actions) Pay attention to the sample multiple choice questions. A study guide is on canvas as well. When you make an error in a cognitive task, most of the time it is because of the way that you normally process things. Most people tend to group all of the similar items together (grouping things is not a coincidence or a mistake, but rather a pattern of memory) Changed ternus from two circles to a circle and a square. Element motion is almost impossible to prevent/get rid of. Used to seeing those people in these positions therefore your brain. Used to seeing those people in these positions therefore your brain takes shortcuts.

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