ANTH 101- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 25 pages long!)

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30 Nov 2017
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ANTH 101
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Anthropology 101: Lecture 1
Textbook: Cultural Anthropology: A Toolkit for a Global Age, second edition, Kenneth Guest
Level: Undergraduate
1. Sub-Disciplines of Anthropology
a. Biological Anthropology
i. Study of evolution of humans
b. Cultural Anthropology
i. Study of culture of humans
c. Linguistic Anthropology
i. Study of language of humans
d. Archaeology
i. Study of past of humans
2. Hallmarks of Anthropological Approach
a. Holism, Holistic Method
i. Holism refers to looking at a community in its entiretywholly
b. Fieldwork, Observation
i. Fieldwork refers to being in the community, working and living with the
people being researched
ii. Observation refers to the other side of fieldwork, where the
anthropologist watches the people around him just as much as
participating in daily life
c. Comparison
i. Cultures must be compared to one another in order to be understood
better by both sides
d. Move beyond Ethnocentrism
i. There is a habit of ethnocentrism in most people who stay within and
only care about their own community. Viewing other cultures enables
people to move beyond their ethnocentrism and enables them to begin
to broaden their worldviews.
e. Recognition of Change
i. There is a understanding of change that is apparent when people begin
to view other cultures outside of their own. They become more aware
and caring about the world and the world community, not just their own.
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Anthropology 101: Lecture 2
Textbook: Cultural Anthropology: A Toolkit for a Global Age, second edition, Kenneth Guest
Level: Undergraduate
The Concept of Culture:
1. What is culture? A way of life, the things that connect people.
a. What/Why is the culture concept so important? This refers to how we do things
and what we think.
b. Mental and behavioral components of cultureE.B. Tylor gave us the ideas here.
c. Cultural differences are not caused by biological differences so there is no
biological determinism: your biology determines what you do/think.
d. The culture concept refuted the idea of biological determinism.
2. Characteristics of Culture
a. Learned/Taught: we are born not knowing any culture
i. Enculturation: the proess of learig oe’s ow ulture.
b. Shared: no animal can have a culture of one
i. Contested: differences in sharing aspects of culture
ii. Subcultures: different little mini cultures inside a large one
iii. Cultural Pluralism: many different cultures together
c. Adaptive: we adopt to our environment through our culture
d. Changes: culture never stays the same, so our culture is always changing
e. Margret Mead is important here, she says that adolescence is a cultural
construction for the Samoan teenager.
3. Elements of Cultural Knowledge
a. Norms: adjusted to what is a oral ourree i a ulture
b. Values: ultural eliefs aout what is desirale, a ulture’s ultiate stadards
c. Symbols: something that represents something else; cross=Christianity/Jesus
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Document Summary

They become more aware and caring about the world and the world community, not just their own. This refers to how we do things and what we think: mental and behavioral components of culture e. b. These cultures need to be treated with the same acceptance as a western moral practice: anthropology and human rights, human rights are not a universal. Most of our (cid:858)(cid:449)a(cid:374)ts(cid:859) are for(cid:373)ed through (cid:373)edia like tele(cid:448)isio(cid:374) a(cid:374)d i(cid:374)ter(cid:374)et. Textbook: cultural anthropology: a toolkit for a global, second edition, kenneth guest. What is speech: the biggest difference between our language and animals is the complexity a method of communication used in a community. This is the use of different language and words used by one person when in different social groups. You use different language with your friends than with your grandparents, and the ability to make this language switch, is a code switch.

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