[MUS 121] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 34 pages long Study Guide!

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30 Mar 2017
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University of Nevada - Reno
MUS 121
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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A brief History of Jazz
Jazz clubs first venues of first cross cultural interactions
Early Jazz
Around the turn of the 20th century both black and white were singing and dancing to jazzy
music
Jazz was the “pop music” of the era
Evolved from vaudeville,minstrel, and cake walks
Minstrel a form of entertainment. Often seen as shameful relic featured either black performance or
white performers wearing blackface
Vaudeville variety show acts feat. song dance acting and comedy. With many different acts incorporated
elements of freak shows, dimes museums and burlesque
Storyville famous red light district (brothel area) in the city of New Orleans
Popular among travelers
Successful establishment hired live music
Travelers took the music
Earliest form developed here
Ragtime
Ragtime music
A form of pop music for piano
Popular in brothels created by scott japlin ex Johnny May
Musician Profile
Scott Joplin 1867-1917
Renowned for creating ragtime
Aspired to be great composer of classical music-his color made it impossible
Wrote 44 ragtime pieces two operas and one ragtime ballet WANTED TO WRITE
BALLET BECAUSE CULTURAL ELITES LIKED IT
Died of syphilis marking the end of ragtime as a pop genre
New Orleans and Dixieland
New Orleans served as the hot bed for the exchange of Jazz culture
Haitian revolution
Refugees fled to new orleans bringing music culture
Culture grew into jazz and ragtime
In 1917 city closed storyville as “urban reform”
Jazz musicians struggled for jobs
Diaspora of jazz, gathered in large cities especially in chicago (Important start for jazz)
Dixieland
Dixieland jazz was the first widely popular style jazz was iconic
Flappers, charleston early radio
Dixieland (Style)
High energy and rhythmic vitality
Rhythmic section: Usually piano bass and drums used to keep time
Uses solo instruments
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“Head arrangements”
An outgrowth of oral tradition, head arrangements were performed from memory
Uses improvisation
Lines moved independently from one another
Dixieland (Musician Profile)
Louie Armstrong (1901-1971)
Important to foundation of jazz
Led a shift toward solo performance (and improv)
Trumpet player and iconic voice
Influence by the chicago Dixieland tradition
Post- depression Jazz
Post Depression Jazz
The great depression infected jazz in many ways
Hiring of jazz music declined
Demand remained high because of an escape of life
Hiring practices was favored solo pianists
Ragtime was out of fashion
Evolved into stride piano style
Stride piano uses syncopation and improvisation. Energetic style of solo piano
Feat. a walking slow part
More upbeat than ragtime to deal with depression
The 12 bar blues popular chord progression
Swing and big band
Swing style of the 1930s and 40s was style of jazz that became most popular with the masses
Sweet swing
Strictly for entertainment
Minimal improv
Hot swing (big band jazz)
Serious musical form
Sophisticated chart and complex arrangements
The jazz of Benny Goodman
Prolific song composer
Includes elements of the types of swing
Swing and big band (musician profile)
Duke Ellington 1974
Most important arrangers of big band
Very popular jazz orchestra
Music is still released to this day
Benny Goodman (king of swing) 1986
Launched careers of many famous musician
Brought respectability in jazz
Fought racism by running first integrated music ensembles
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Document Summary

Jazz clubs first venues of first cross cultural interactions. Around the turn of the 20th century both black and white were singing and dancing to jazzy music. Jazz was the pop music of the era. Often seen as shameful relic featured either black performance or white performers wearing blackface. Vaudeville variety show acts feat. song dance acting and comedy. With many different acts incorporated elements of freak shows, dimes museums and burlesque. Storyville famous red light district (brothel area) in the city of new orleans. A form of pop music for piano. Popular in brothels created by scott japlin ex johnny may. Aspired to be great composer of classical music-his color made it impossible. Wrote 44 ragtime pieces two operas and one ragtime ballet wanted to write. Died of syphilis marking the end of ragtime as a pop genre. New orleans served as the hot bed for the exchange of jazz culture.

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