HHP 1100 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Zygote, Yolk Sac, Y Chromosome

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HHP 1100
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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Anatomy Defined
Anatomy--the study of structure
Derived from the Greek term "to cut apart"
§
Physiology--the study of function
1.
Concept: Anatomy (structure) and physiology (structure) are interrelated
An anatomist might identify the blood vessels
A physiologist might describe how the blood vessels distribute blood flow
Anatomist examine the structures of individual organs and the relationships among
parts of the body
Our current understanding of Human Anatomy is based upon thousands of years of
study
As technology has improved, so has our understanding
Scientific Method-
Questions arising from observations
§
Generation of a hypothesis
§
Conduct an experiment
§
Determine if results support/refute hypothesis
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Categories of Anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
The study of structures too small to be seen with the naked eye
Cytology--the study of cells
Histology--the study of tissues
1.
Gross Anatomy
The study of structures that can be seen with the naked eye (without the use
of a microscope)
Usually studied via dissection
Comparative Anatomy
Looks at similarities and differences across species
Ex.: hind limb of cat vs hind limb of human
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Developmental Anatomy
Looks at structural changes overtime
From conception to maturity
§
2.
8/21 Lecture
Tuesday, August 21, 2018
12:47 PM
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