PSY 1001 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Sigmund Freud, Psychoanalysis, Nervous System

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PSY 1001
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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Psychology--study of behavior and mental processes
Behavior (observe directly)
Mental processes (infer from behavior
Process of science--scientific method
Body of knowledge--facts about subject matter
Psychologists gather facts about behavior and attempt to explain them
"What causes behavior?"
Two historical trends:
Move from explanations of behavior based on unseen causes to observables
Ex.: from "spirits" to "neurons"
a.
1.
Localization of function within the nervous system
Viewing brain as homogenous piece of jello to viewing brain as complex organism
a.
Ex.: from a piece of jello to a complex organism
b.
2.
Early History
Animism--the belief that behavior is directed by spirits
Both living things and non living things had spirits
1.
A zodiac wheel
Based on positions of stars and heavens
Given the time of year you were born the stars were in a particular pattern and the
you be the person you are or cause you to predict what you would do
Greeks
Gave us first systematic study of the body
Aristotle wrote that "the brain was bloodless and the heart was not only the center
but also the center of the soul"
Thought this because the heart is warmer than the brain
Hippocrates
Influential greek physician and anatomist
Believed all health or ill health depended on the distribution of 4 basic body f
Excess of blood made you happy, excess of black bile made you depres
2.
8/22 Lecture Notes
Wednesday, August 22, 2018
6:29 PM
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sm
the stars would either cause
nter of the nervous system
dy fluids (humors)
pressed, excess of yellow bile
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