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Study Guide

[PSYC 201] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 22 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 201
Professor
Dr.Melinda Leonard
Study Guide
Final

Page:
of 22
UofL
PSYC 201
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
1. Psych 201 8/30
10 Q – multiple choice quiz 9/1
REVIEW** Structuralism = biological
Functionalism = behavior/environmental
Hindsight Bias
The “I knew it all along” phenomenon.”
After learning the outcome of an event many people believe they could have predicted that very
outcome. We only knew that dot.com stocks would only plummet AFTER they actually
plummet.
Over confidence
Sometimes we think we actually know more than we actually know
*How long do you think it would take to unscramble these anagrams?
- WREAT --- WATER
- ETYRN --- ENTRY
-GRABE --- BARGE
On average students said 10 seconds, generally took 3 min+
The Scientific Attitude
Composed of curiosity (passion for exploration), skepticism (doubting and questioning), and
humility (ability to accept responsibility when wrong).
Critical thinking
Does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions. Rather, it examines assumptions, discerns
hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions.
PAUL ELDER MODEL OF CRITICAL THINKING
How do Psychologists Ask & Answer Questions?
Like all scientists, use the scientific method to construct theories
Theory – explanation using an integrated set of principles that organize observations and predicts
behavior or events.
*Example: low self-esteem contributes to depression.
Hypothesis – testable prediction, often implied by a theory. Enables us to accept, reject, or revise
the theory.
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