KIN 275 Exam 1
What is kinesiology? Study of human movement
Where is Phys. Activity knowledge Experience
derived from? Scholarship
What are some areas of study under the Exercise on mult. Body systems
Kinesiology Branch? Energy metabolism
Effects of nutrition on performance
What are some specializations in Cardiac rehab
Kinesiology? Exercise biochem.
Pedi exercise science
Where does exercise physiology live for Large systems all the way down to
the most part? genetics
What does exercise phys. Measure? Acute to chronic adaptations
What is exercise? Planned, structural, and repetitive
What is physical fitness? Physical attributes that allow the body to
respond or adapt to physical demands
How do we practice a physical activity Putting knowledge to work in physical
profession? activity careers
What percentage of the American adult 30%
population is obese?
What is an ADL? Activities of Daily Living
What are IADL’s? More strenuous than ADL’s
What are home maintenance activities? Demand more energy than ADL’s and
Ex.) Shoveling snow, gardening
What are some challenges for Age, physical activity
Kinesiologists? Physical activity levels in children are
What is one of the biggest burdens on Death and disease corresponds with low
physical activity and national interest? physical activity
What leads to the health crisis of Failure to make physical activity a part
obesity? of our daily lives.
What is the job of the kinesiologist? Figure out how to get people moving
safely, effectively, and efficiently to
improve health benefits. What is physical performance Fitness developed through training
What is training? Physical activity for the purpose of
What is conditioning? End state of training reflected by
performer’s strength, endurance, and
What is a characteristic of a physically fitHas sufficient energy remaining to carry
person? out the day after training.
What two countries did physical fitness India (9 century BC) and Greece (4 th
originate? and 5 century BC)
What was Hitchcock and Hitchcock Exercise is as important in college as
theory? libraries are.
Who is Dr. Jeremy Morris? Studied London bus study
Concluded that bus conductors who
were active on double decker buses
were less at risk for heart disease.
What is the Framingham Heart Study Random sample of 5,209 adults between
(1948-present)? 30-62years and gave bi-annual physical
WELLNESS: THE NEW HEALTH GOAL
What are the 6 dimensions of wellness? Emotional wellness
Interpersonal and social wellness
Environmental or planetary wellness
What is Physical wellness? Ability to meet life’s demands and be
able to respond to unplanned events
What are the 5 components of health Cardiorespiratory endurance
related physical fitness? Muscular strength
What is cardiorespiratory endurance? Ability to perform prolonged, large
muscle exercise at moderate to high
levels of intensity.
What is muscular strength? Max pulling force of a muscle or muscle
What is muscular endurance? Ability of muscle or muscle groups to
stay contracted or contract repeatedly
What is flexibility? Range of motion of joint or group of
joints What is body composition? Relationship between fat free mass and
What are some contributors to Causes of death are behavior-related
mortality? Social/environmental factors
Why study PA and health? Necessity for PA has all but vanished
What diseases and risk factors are
associated with low-level PA?
Why are we in need of fitness Shift from communicable diseases to
improvement? “Hypokinetic diseases”
What is hypokinetic disease? Low movement
What were some leading causes of A lot were solved by washing hands
What are some of the leading causes of Diseases that have more to do with
death today? behavior (sedentary lifestyle) and that is
where kinesiologists come in.
What are some hypokinetic diseases? CVD
Low back pain
Difference between infectious and Microorganisms for infectious and
chronic diseases? chronic is caused by lifestyle
What are some overall leading causes of Heart disease
Chronic lower respiratory diseases
What is the result of more time watching Increased risk of obesity and diabetes
What is the largest glucose-utilizing Skeletal muscle
organ in the body?
What is the result of cigarette smoking? Increased risk of lung cancer
What is the result of low intake of fruit Increased risk of heart disease?
What is the result of few healthy Increased risk of heart disease
What is a rule of thumb for exercise? More is not always better!
Studies show that cortisol is released
when overworked which is the same
chemical released when stressed.
What are some other factors that effect Environment
Why is Genetics/Heredity a huge area of Search for genetic variations that explain
research? the differences in individuals.
What are some of the genetic variations Cardiorespiratory endurance
that are being looked at? Muscle fitness
What are some genetic Chromosome disorders = down
Single gene disorders = cystic fibrosis,
sickle cells disease, hemophilia
Mitochondrial disorders = Leber
hereditary optic neuropathy
Multifactorial conditions= heart disease,
diabetes, prostate cancer….
Why is family history so important? Gives insight as to why you may have
certain health conditions
Where is the best place to evaluate www.pubmed.gov
sources of health information?
What are some misleading languages to Studies are rarely 100% conclusive
look for? “Medical breakthrough”
“No side effects”
“Proven” or “clinically proven”
How do we properly evaluate sources of Find source of info
health information? Who was the author or sponsor of site
What are the 6-transtheoretical model Precontemplation
stages of change? Contemplation
What is the most active region in the Rocky Mountain and Northwest
What is the least active region in the Southeast
What are some p