EXAM 3 Gerber

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University of Rhode Island
Nutrition and Food Sciences
NFS 207
Linda Gerber

NFS 207, SECT. 0001 EXAM 3, DR. GERBER FALL 2013 **Directions** NEITHER CELL PHONES, PDA’S NOR COMPUTERS MAY BE USED FOR ANY PURPOSE DURING THE EXAM ▪ Put all books and notes under your seat. ▪ You should have only a pencil(s), a calculator (optional), and your picture ID on your desk . You may start the exam as soon as you receive it. ▪ Fill out the answer sheet: ▪ Name on front page ▪ Name and STUDENT ID on back (fill in the bubbles) PLEASE PUT YOUR LAST NAME FIRST AND THEN YOUR FIRST NAME ▪ Hand in only your answer sheet 1. In theory 3500 Kcal’s difference in energy input vs. energy output for a person, should result in a change of weight of: a. 1 ounce b. 2 ounces c. 1 pound d. 2 pounds 2. Which of the following may influence hunger? a. hormones b. exercise c. nutrients in the blood d. all of the above 3. The feeling that we get during a meal that stops us from eating more food at that time is called: a. hunger b. satiety c. satiation d. gluttony 4. Which of the following types of energy-yielding nutrients is the least satiating of those listed? a. simple carbohydrates b. protein c. fiber d. all of the above result in similar satiation 5. Which part of the brain is the control center for eating behaviors? a. cerebrum b. medulla c. cerebellum d. hypothalamus 6. Which of the following is not one of the 4 components of thermogenesis in the human body? a. basal metabolism b. physical activity c. adaptive thermogenesis (adaptation) d. all of the above are components of thermogenesis in the human body 7. What fraction of total thermogenesis is contributed by basal metabolism for the average person? a. ½ b. 2/3 c. ¾ d. 4/5 8. Which of the following factors influence the amount of energy a person uses for physical activity? a. the frequency of an activity performed b. the particular activity performed c. the duration of the activity performed d. all of the above 9. The thermic effect of food typically results in a net use of what percentage of the kcal's being consumed? a. 5 b. 10 c. 15 d. 20 10. If we used a pie-chart to show the percentage of individuals in the United States who were within a particular range of BMI, the smallest sliver of the pie would be for those with a BMI of: a. less than 18.5 b. between 18.5 and 24.9 c. between 25 and 29.9 d. greater than or equal to 40 11. For a man, a waist circumference of greater than what amount indicates central obesity? a. 30 inches b. 35 inches c. 40 inches d. none of the above indicate central obesity 12. Which of the following methods of measuring body fat involves being in a chamber and having computerized sensors determine the amount of air displaced by your body? a. Skinfold measurements b. hydrodensitometry c. air displacement d. DEXA 13. Body weight and fat positively correlate with which of the following diseases or disorders? a. lung cancer b. cirrhosis of the liver c. hypertension (high blood pressure) d. none of the above 14. Among which of the following groups does overweight and obesity appear to be increasing? a. Hispanics b. children c. poor people d. all of the above 15. During childhood through puberty when energy consumed is greater than energy output, fat cells: a. decrease in size b. decrease in number c. increase in number d. none of the above 16. The hormone leptin is made in adipose tissue and may have an impact upon reducing the development of obesity in some people by: a. promoting a positive energy balance b. suppressing appetite c. decreasing energy expenditure d. all of the above 17. How do higher amounts of uncoupling proteins found in brown adipose tissue have an impact upon reducing the development of obesity? a. result in appetite suppression b. result in a positive energy balance c. result in greater losses of energy as heat d. results in decreased activity 18. Which of the following situations will typically motivate obese or overweight individuals to lose weight? a. having 2 or more risk factors for adverse health b. having a life-threatening condition c. either of the above d. neither of the above 19. Which of the following drugs is approved by the FDA and inhibits pancreatic lipase? a. ephedrine b. Orlistat c. Phentermine d. serotonin 20. Which of the following surgical interventions to control obesity involves reducing fat deposits by removing fat cells? a. liposuction b. gastric bypass c. gastric banding d. adiposuction 21. Foods that are composed primarily of which of the following are known as “empty calorie foods” a. fat b. sugar c. alcohol d. any of the above 22. In order to implement behavior modification (changing behaviors) to reduce or maintain body weight, which of the following may be helpful? a. having small, specific goals b. punishing oneself when one has not changed behaviors appropriately c. only exercise when you feel like it d. all of the above may be helpful 23. According to professionals in the field of nutrition and dietetics, what percentage of an overweight person’s weight should be lost in one year in order to eventually reach their correct weight? a. 5 b. 10 c. 20 d. 30 24. Weight loss strategies that involve eating plans should incorporate: a. consumption of liberal amounts of wa
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