WRT 201 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Pathos, Gie, Apposition

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7 Feb 2017
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WRT 201
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Arguments
I. Thesis Sentence: explains purpose of paper
a. An example of theory (it is a generalization)
II. Argument: aims to engender adherence in the reader
a. Used to get readers to agree.
b. Can and cannot excite emotion.
c. This is also a theory.
III. Sedimented Practices: passed on almost as habits; acceptable method to do something
a. Ex) formal argument
IV. In the southern part of Ancient Italy, including Sicily, before the Romans and Latin, most of the
cities spoke Greek. Sicily is the birthplace of rhetoric.
a. Archimedes lived in Syracuse. There were law courts in Syracuse, which consisted of
citizens meeting in a forum (in an amphitheater). The accused was brought in and was
able to argue their perspectives. This was used to decide guilty or not guilty.
i. The accused could argue their own case, or pay someone to speak for them
(similar to a lawyer).
ii. As this eae popular, idiiduals leared hat orked ad hat did’t ork.
The the passed this o. This is referred to as ustoar koledge.
1. Customary Knowledge ex) turn left at the tree that used to be there
2. Corax (which means crow), was the nickname of someone who wrote this
information down.
a. Crows are smart. They can recognize language, they mate for life,
they eat anything, they wait around to steal food/shiny things.
The’re also er loud, hee Cora’s ikae – he was very
loud.
b. He passed this information down to his pupil, Tisias.
c. Because Syracuse was affiliated with Athens, this information
travelled to Athens.
b. The only accused who were eligible were males who were born in the town. No
feales. Or outsiders/ararias those ho did’t lie i the to.
c. We use most of the terms they developed for arguing. Argument techniques affect
readers because they are searching for certain things.
V. Argument vs. Demonstration
a. Demonstration: logic proves something with no uncertainty.
b. Argument: creates agreement on a topic with some uncertainty
i. Ex) convincing a jury of something juries can get things wrong
c. Past Arguments: who is to blame
d. Present Arguments: whether something is good/bad
e. Future Arguments: what to do moving forward always uncertain
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f. To support arguments, we use reasons and evidence in an attempt to convince others to
agree, but we cannot be absolutely sure.
g. There must be an issue to have an argument. There are certain things that are not
arguable.
i. De gustibus non disbutandum est.
ii. There is no arguing about taste (ie. loving food, hating movie)
iii. Opinions can be argued. Personal opinions (or tastes) are possible.
VI. Every argument has a point of view. A point of view is a claim.
VII. Issue: a topic, question, or subject on which there are at least two clear, contrasting, plausible
points of view or opinions
a. An argument makes the issue obvious early on.
VIII. Triial Arguet: there are’t to plausile poits of ie
IX. Individuals do not usually make up their minds while reading. They decide on issues after the
fact.
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