[LAW 402] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (16 pages long!)

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6 Feb 2017
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USC
LAW 402
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Eyewitness Memory & Identification
Atkinson & Shiffrin (1968)
o Model of Memory
o Sensory Memory Short-Term Memory Long-Term Memory
o SM
temporary memory tied to the sensory system
unattended information is lost
Inattentive Blindness: do not consciously process
unattended to visual stimuli
Chage Blidess: failure to otie differees i oe’s
environment
o STM
Unrehearsed information is lost
Storage system that briefly holds information in awareness
Working Memory: active processing that keeps
information available for current use
Info held for 20-30 seconds
Can only held 7 ± 2 pieces of information
Must actively use info or retrieve from LTM
o LTM
Permanent storage of information
Limitless capacity
Consolidation STM and LTM
Reconsolidation
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2
Neural processes involved when memories are
Recall vs. Recognition
Memory Failure
o Forgetting
o Distortion
Memory Bias: tend to place ourselves as the central
character in a memory
Source Attribution Error: remember something but unsure
where it came from
Eyewitness Memory
o Recall event/crime
o Recall perpetrator
o Recognition of perpetrator
Eyewitness Testimony
o Powerful testimony
o Argued as the most compelling evidence
o Loftus & Ketcham, 1991
o Memory is fallible
Detection of Misidentifcation
o Voir Dire
Hard to detect biases in potential jurors
o Cross-Examination
o Jury Deliberation
Jurors place too much faith in eyewitness testimony
Manson Criteria
o Opportunity to view the perpetrator
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