[ANT 322M] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (16 pages long!)

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7 Feb 2017
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UT-Austin
ANT 322M
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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There are umbrella terms used to refer to Latin American immigration!
Latina!!
Hispano!!
Common element of all these people?!
They share a history of colonization!
Technically,!Brazilians aren’t. But sometimes they do (it’s a class
issue.)!!
History of colonization of Spanish empire throughout Latin
America differs!
In some places they intermarried with!indigenous
population!
Mexico!— became Mestizo!!
Also important— transatlantic slave trade.!
It impacted the racial composition.!
Ex: Cuba and Puerto Rico had blending of Spanish,
Black and Indian!
Mexico also practiced it. But the church was very influential
and they didn’t support slavery. They!prevented it. They also
developed a system!that stop having women imported,
therefore enslaved men!married Indian women. Children of
Mestizo’s were born free. The slave trade was minimal
in!comparison to the!rest of Latin America.!!
Main groups that migrated:!
Mexican American!
Earliest group!incorporated into the US, also the largest!!
Puerto Rican!
Significant size!!
Cuban!
Significant size!!
Dominican,!Central American, South American!!
Spaniards?!
They get included!because of a shared language.!!
They tend to be!racialized as part of the Latino community.!!
2010 Census of!Latino/Hispanic!Demographics!
50.5 million 0r 16% of U.S. total!!
Mexican American!
63%!!
31.8 million!!
Puerto Rican!
9%!!
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4.6 million!!
Cuban!
3.5%!!
1.8 million!!
Other Latinos!
24.3%!!
12.3 million!!
Spaniards!
1.3%!!
635,253!!
Includes both immigrant and U.S. born!!
Non-Mexican Puerto Rican or Cuban Ancestry!
12.3 million or 24.3% of the total 50.5 million Latinos!!
Salvadoran!
3.3%!!
1.6 million!!
Dominican!
2.8%!!
1.4 million!!
Guatemalan!
2.1%!!
1 million!!
Latino or Hispanic Label!
6.8%!!
3.5 million!!
Other under 1 million!
9.3%!!
Percent distribution by State in 2010!
California!— 27.8%!
83% are of Mexican origin!!
Texas! 18.7%!
85% are of Mexican!origin!!
Florida!— 8.4%!
Mostly Cuban!!
New York! 6.8%!
Mostly Puerto Rican!!
Illinois!— 4%!
Mostly Mexican!!
Arizona!— 3.8%!!
New Jersey! 3.1%!!
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