[C C 303] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (76 pages long)

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C C 303
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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1/18/17 Worksheet: What is Classical Mythology?
I. Key Terms:
Mythos
“tale” or “story”
Mythology
Mythos (“tale” or “story”) + logos (“account” or “explanation”)
Not necessarily false
The formal study of myths
A culture’s body of myths
Ex. Norse mythology, Greek mythology, etc
Classics
L. classicus- a class
Ancient greek or latin literature, art or culture
‘Zeniths’ of Greek and Roman culture (i.e. Greek: 500-323 BC/ Roman: 70 BC-30
AD)
classical/greek mythology (mostly in greek origin)
Myth/Legend/Folktale
“Myth Proper” or “True Myth”
Gods and their relationship with humankind
Set in timeless era
Different world
Religious in nature
Explains something about the Gods
Legends (heroic myth or saga)
Concerns humans, particularly great ones, demigods
Set in ‘historical’ past
‘Possible’ events/adventures
Symbolic value for society
Important to society
Folktales (or fairy tales)
Everyday humans (archetypal)
Ex. wolf=trickster, girl=innocence
Timeless, generic setting
Magical elements/impossibilities
Entertainment or moral instruction
II. Multiple Choice Questions:
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1. A story of gods set in a different world in the remote past which is told for ritual and/or
religious purposes is sometimes called.
a) True Myth/ Myth Proper
b) Legend
c) Folktale
2. According to convention, legends are primarily concerned with which of the following?
a) Heroes
b) Everyday people
c) Talking animals
d) Gods
3. Which of the following is TRUE of the common definition for folktales?
a) Folktales are primarily concerned with gods
b) Folktales have a perceptible relationship to history
c) Folktales must incorporate religious elements
d) Folktales primary functions are to entertain and/or provide moral instruction
4. True or False, the vast majority of classical mythology are stories from the ancient Greek
world.
5. True or False, the word mythos strictly meant “false” in ancient Greek.
6. Which of the following is TRUE of the adjective classical?
a) When discussing time, the term classical is applied to the periods considered the zeniths of
Greek or Roman literature and culture.
b) Broadly speaking the adjective is used for the ancient Greek and Roman world
c) The adjective classical is derived from the Latin word classicus, which described something
that belongs to a category, group, or class of things.
d) All the above
III. Short Answers
1. What does the Greek word mythos mean?
Mythos means a tale or story; it does not necessarily mean false
2. What is classical mythology?
“Classical”, derived from the latin word classicus, which described something that
belongs to a class of things. Or pertaining to the time periods that were considered the
zeniths of Greek or Roman literature and culture. “Classical Mythology” describes the
study of myths that came from a culture, mostly Greek.
3. What is the provisional definition of a myth used in this class (see Buxton p. 18)?
“Myth is a socially powerful traditional story” -Buxton, p.18
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