[HDF 313] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 33 pages long Study Guide!

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HDF 313
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Child Development
HDF 313
Hallie Speranza
1/23/2017
History of the Field from Folk Knowledge to Scientific Study
Charles Darwin
Adapting
Started the interest to study humans and development
Sigmund Freud
Father of psychology
1902 1936
Very controversial
Work stimulated thought and interest
Genetic inheritance to develop in certain ways
G Stanley Hall
Student of Freud
Arnold Gessell was a student of his
Child Development Institutes
Research described normative development
First one was at Yale (1911)
Used frequency data
Developed developmental profiles
University of Chicago
Columbia University
University of Texas (1927)
The Scientific Method:
1. Conceptualize the problem.
Theory an organized set of ideas meant to explain observed events.
Hypothesis takes a theoretical perspective and forms a statement explaining observation
Theories of development vary in their ideas about what influences development.
What is the role of biology?
o “oe theories are oly iterested i iology, what’s o the iside.
What is the role of experience?
o Experience/environment has an impact
How important is experience at one age or another?
Is development continuous?
o Stage theories
o Continuous theories
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Child Development
HDF 313
Hallie Speranza
1/23/2017
Theoretical Perspectives on Human Development
1. Psychoanalytic
Explains emotional development
Biological needs/ social experience
Behavior is symbolic
Early experience is key
Discontinuous (stage theory)
Important theories:
o Sigmund Freud
o Erik Erikson
Psychosocial theory
8 Stages birth through lifespan
rises or oflits etwee eotioal eeds ad soial experience.
2. Cognitive
Explains cognitive development
Understanding reason and memory
Knowledge is constructed learner is active
Important theories:
o Cognitive developmental
o Socio-cultural
o Informative processing
o Cognitive developmental
Jean Piaget
Development is genetic
Active construction of knowledge and understanding through exploration and experiences
4 distinct stages that represent dramatic changes
Describes normative development.
o Socio-cultural
Lev Vygotsky
Development is genetic
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